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Criminal Key Terms

Understanding criminal law

TermDefinition
Aggravated Assault a person that inflicts serious injury upon another person or uses a deadly weapon
Arson to willfully set fire to or burn or cause to be burned or aid, counsel or procure the burning of any building or other structure of any type
Battery is the unlawful touching or forceful striking of another person using a hand, a weapon or other instrument
Bribery is giving money or property to a public official in exchange for a favor
Burglary any person who breaks or enters any building with intent to commit any felony or larceny therein
Contempt of Court occurs when a person ignores a court order shows a lack of respect for the court
Criminal Act an act that is punishable offense against society
Criminal Intent the intent to do something wrong or forbidden by law
Duty the obligation to use a reasonable standard of care to prevent injury to others
Embezzlement take, make away or secrete, with intent to embezzle or fraudulently or knowingly and willfully misapply or convert to his own use, any money or items with monetary value
Felony a crime punishable by confinement for more than a year in a state prison or by a fine more than a $1,000, or both
Forgery placing a false signature on a check or other document in order to deceive or deprive someone of their property
Fraud when a person or a business uses deception to obtain money or property
Infraction a noncriminal violation of law not punishable by imprisonment
Kidnapping the unlawful removal or restraint of a person against his or her will
Larceny larceny of property where the value of the property or goods is not more than $1,000
Manslaughter the killing of another person without malice or intent
Misdemeanor a less serious crime that is usually punishable in a local jail for less than one year, or by a fine or both
Money Laundering when illegally obtained money is put into or through a business to hide it's origin
Murder the intentional killing of another person
Obstruction of Justice occurs when a person does something that hinders the court to move forward in a case
Perjury occurs when a person under oath lies during a court or administrative process
Rape unlawful sexual activity and intercourse
Robbery the wrongful taking of property from another person by threat or the actual use of force, violence, or a weapon
Simple Assault is an attempt to commit a battery against another person
Statutory Rape if the defendant engages in a sexual act with another person who is 13, 14, or 15 years old and the defendant is at least six years older than the person
Treason giving aid and comfort to enemies of the United States
Vandalism the willful or malicious damage to property either private or public
Violation of Duty any violation of a legal or moral duty
Created by: ellabrotherton
 

 



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