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ACU F 19

Intro to HERBS Lect 2

What are the causes of disease Six Evils External, Seven Emotional Internal, eating habits, lifestyle, overexertion/overwork, trauma/injury
Six Evils External, Wind, Cold, Heat, Damp, Dry, Fire/toxin
Seven Emotions Joy, Anger, Worry, Contemplation, Sorrow, Fear, Shock
how can eating habits cause disease irregular or improper
what lifestyle imbalances can cause disease sleep, sex, exercise
Eight Treatment Methods Sweat, Clear heat, induce bowel movement, harmonize, warm tonight eliminate, induce vomit
Sweat move out external pathogen that is invading the body
heat clear heat, rid heat from the interior of the body, hear causes dryness, need to lubricate
induce induce bowel movement, alleviate constipation to sedate excess heat, attack cold accumulation, lubricate the intestines
harmonize striking a balance or negotiating a settlement between two ZangFu, meridians, or Qi & Blood
warming treats interior coldness
tonify enrich Qi, Blood, Yang, Yin
eliminate rid of accumulation (stones, ulcers, parasites)
induce vomit prevent poisoning or toxicity
Herbal Properties Temperature(energy), Taste(flavor), movement(direction), Channel related
What is temperature used to do Treat or balance Yin and Yang
Paradoxical treatment hot herbs treat cold syndromes/cold herbs treat Hot syndromes
Four temperatures Hot, Warm, Cool, Cold
Neutral neither hot or cold
Five taste of herbs Pungent, sweet, bitter,sour, salty
3 additional tastes of herbs bland, astringent, aromatice
pungent disperses and moves
sweet tonifies and harmonizes
bitter drains and dries
sour constricts and binds
salty purges and softens
bland promotes urination
astringent consolidates
aromatic opens to the orifices
Yang energy tastes Pungent and sweet
Yin energy tastes sour, salty, bitter
Cautions of tastes pungent effects Qi, salty effects blood, bitter effects bones, sweet effects flesh, sour effects sinews
what does pungent effect Qi
what does salty effect blood
what does bitter effect bones
what does sweet effect flesh
what does sour effect sinews
movement direction of herbs upward=elevate, downward=suppress, outward=float, inward=sink
Direct effect herbs travel internally to the ZangFu
Indirect effect herbs travel internally in the channel to assist in function
example of direct effect LU to treat cough or UB to treat urine retention
Example of Indirect effect KD to treat bones or LV to treat sinews
how were chinese herbs named by the description of the herb
Descriptions used to name herbs shape, color, smell/taste, location, function
Bai white
chi bright red
hei black
hong red
huang yellow
jin gold
Lu green
Qing blue-green
Yin silver
Zhu Dull Red
Zi Purple
Cao whole plant
dou Bean
Gen Root
Geng Stem
Gua Fruit(melon)
Hua Flower
Mu Wood
Pi peel
Ren seed(large)
Teng Vine
Ye Leaf
Zhi Twig
Zi Seeds
Gan Liver
Xin heart
Pi Spleen
Fei Lung
Shen Kidney
Xin Bao pericardium
dan gall bladder
wei stomach
jiao gelatin
ke shell
Shi stone
dan bland
gan sweet
ku bitter
suan sour
Xian salty
Xiang aromatic
Xin acrid
Bei North
Nan South
Dong East
Xi West
Xu Wei Five Tastes
Acrid Xin Yang in Nature, Spicy substances can scatter, disperse and move, diaphoretic, treats cold, nourishing invigorates blood and moves blood stagnation
Sweet Gan Yang in nature, sweet substances can scatter, tonify, harmonize, and sometimes thought to moisten, alleviate pain and spasms, nourish and tonify the Middle jiao, changes the taste of herbal formula
Bitter Ku Yin in nature, bitter substances can drain, clear heat, dry dampness, and descend fire, asthma, constipation, retention of dampness due to heat or cold
Sour Suan Yin in nature, sour substances can drain, estranges, improve digestion, soften the arteries and prevent or reverse the abnormal leakage of energy and fluids, diarrhea, excess perspiration, softens arteries
Salty Xian Yin in nature, salty substances can drain, purge, and soften masses, softens and dissolves lumps and masses, constipation, reduce phlegm
Bland Dan Yang in nature, substances that seep and drain, leech out dampness and promote urination, edema, dysuria
Astringent Se Yin in Nature, diarrhea, bleeding, spermatorrhea, frequent urination
Describe Temperature of Herb Energy, sensation in the mouth
example of a cool herb peppermint
example of a warm herb cinnamon
define paradoxal treatment treating opposite, heat treat with cool
What herb can be used with Wind Cold and why Cinnamon tea because it is warm
Describe Taste of Herbs Flavors, Wu Wei-5 ingredients, functions depending on taste, pungent, sweet, bitter, sour, salty
Describe movement of herbs direction herb travels
Example of using herb for direction purpose Have a HTN headache, treat with herb that will bring down HTN
describe Channels and herbs every herb enters certain channels
What type of herbal property balances Yin and Yang Temperature treats if excess hot and cold
which herbal property is a paradoxical treatment Temperature treat opposite if hot or cold
how many Hot herbs only 3
what temperature are most herbs warm
what are 4 temperatures of herbs cool, cold, warm, hot
which taste has a lot of herbs associated with it pungent/akrid
what taste are onions and garlic pungent/akrid
what taste is white rice sweet
what taste are lemons, tart peaches sour
what are additional tastes bland, astringent, aromatic
which taste is a subcategory of sweet bland
which taste are mushrooms and what do they do bland, promote urination
which herbs are considered diuretics bland promote urination
which taste is a subcategory of sour astringent, milder than sour
which taste is celery juice astringent
which taste is associated with smell aromatic
cautions of taste if you have too much
4 types of movement of herbs elevate up, suppress down, outward floating, inward sinking
which herb movement is used for depression elevating
describe outward floating direction 3 dimensional, all directions outward
which organ correlates with outward floating direction of herbs Liver
which direction would you use Tangerine Peel outward floating
which herb would decoction is used before you get sick and why genseng/marmalade,genseng/citrus, strengthen and disperse
what are patterns of inward sinking frequent urination, diarrhea
2 ways to get herb to medians/channels direct and indirect
by which means would you treat colitis direct, bring herb directly to colon
by which means would you treat to aid SP transportation indirect, send herbs to KD to treat bones, send herbs to LV to treat sinews
pinyin lesser Shao
pinyin small Xiao
pinyin envelope Bao
pinyin purple or seed Zi
pinyin sesame seed Hai Ma Zi
pinyin purple leaf Zi Su Ye
what is Zi Su Ye used to treat food poisoning, restless fetus
how many principles 8
how many treatment methods 8
how many evils 6
how many emotions 7
pinyin salty xian
pinyin spicy/acrid Xin
pinyin astringent se
which hers taste used for constipation bitter, salty
how many causes of disease 4, eating, lifestyle , overwork, trauma
which herb taste used to improve digestion and diarrhea sour
which herb taste reduces phlegm salty
which herb taste treats edema and dysuria bland
how many ways do herbs travel 2, direct and indirect
pinyin Liver Gan
Pinyin Heart Xin
pinyin aromatic Xiang
pinyin north bei
pinyin west xi
pinyin seed ren
pinyin leaf ye
pinyin twig zhi
which temperature and flavor used for Cold spicy hot, heat up body,moves blood
which taste stops sweat sour
which taste is ginger pungent, spicy, akrid
which taste is gecko salty
which taste is Mong Beans sweet
Created by: mloft