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AP LIT Syntax

QuestionAnswer
Declarative sentence Makes a statement (Chispas is cute.)
Imperative sentence Gives a command (Pet Chispas!)
Interrogative sentence Asks a question (Why is Chispas so cute?)
Exclamatory sentence Exclaims (No, Chispas!)
Simple sentence One independent clause (I read the book.)
Compound sentence Two independent clauses (I read the book, and it was really good.)
Complex sentence One independent clause and at least one dependent clause (Before I got here, I read the book.)
Compound-Complex Two independent clauses and at least one dependent clause (Before I got here, I read the book, and it was really good.)
Loose sentence Makes sense before the period (Chispas chased the ball down the long hall lined with picture, keepsakes, and memories of the past.)
Periodic sentence Must read until the period (After a long walk, during which we chased several cats, we arrived home.)
Balanced sentence Sentence is made up of two equal parts (Chispas darted after the cat, and she pulled on the leash.)
Antithetical sentence Two statements that are the opposite (She was easy on the eyes but hard on the heart.)
Inverted syntax Putting the sentence in an unnatural order (like Yoda) (To Chispas alone I gave a treat.)
Chiasmus Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere.
Parallelism Matching grammatical structures (Daisy licked my hand, pawed my arm, and scratched my shoulder.)
Anaphora Repetition at the beginning of successive clauses (The dogs ran outside to chase the cats. The dogs ran off howling.)
Anadiplosis Repetition of the last words at the beginning of the next phrase (Chispas dug up the bone. The bone was covered in dirt.)
Epanalepsis Repeating the beginning at the end (The wall was torn apart, and I knew that Chispas loved to chew on the walls.)
Epistrophe Repetition at the ends (I knew Daisy was shy, but her fear of strangers is more than just being shy.)
Stichomythia Repetition and banter in dialogue
Zeugma Using a verb in two different ways (Chispas destroyed the wall and my hopes of getting my rent deposit back.)
Polysyndeton Deliberate use of many conjunctions (Daisy rolled on the grass and rolled in the sand and rolled in the dirt and brought it all into the house.)
Asyndeton Leaving out conjunctions (Chispas chewed the toilet paper, broke a bowl, bit Daisy, knocked over her water before I could even open the door.)
Created by: knh1500