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NetWorks Termionlogy

Jaden Gould 7B

Network Interface A computer componet that provides a port ( usually RJ-45) where a network cable can be connected.
Network Cable A cable that provides connectivity between networks devices. A common Network cable connects a computer network interface with a wall jack.
Wall Jack A device, usually located ona building wall, that provides a port (usually RJ-45) where a network cable can be connected. On the hidden side of the wall jack is wiring to patch pannel or to a network device.
Local Area network (LAN) A group of networked computers that are physically close togethers , usually in the same building.
Wide Area network (WAN) A group of interconnected LANs across a large georaphical location.
Client-Sever Model A computing model where computer severs supply network and comptational services ( such as email, file sharing, online gaming, and VolP) that are consumed by client computers.
File Server A computer that provide network access to shared disk storage.
Mail Server A computer that provide email services to a network.
Web Server A computer that stores web pages and hypertext documents and transmits them to devices requesting these pages.
Database Server A computer that stores databases, which are huge repositories of data.
Gaming Server A server that provides a gaming envirerment that tracks events in multiplayer video games.
Modem Short for modulator/demodulator, a network device that converts digital singals used by Modern networks to analong singals that are typically carried by telphone or cable tv lines.
Router A network device that moves traffic between two diffrenet IP networks.
Switch A network device that moves traffic within an IP network.
Access Point A network that connects wireless devices to an wired network.
Firewall A network security device that protects a network by examing the traffic before transferring it to the network.
Home Router A small network device with modem, firewall, routing, and switching features that is used in homes and small businesses.
Registered Jack 11 (RJ-11) Interface A network interface or connection with four pins and a clip to hold the plug into a wall socket. RJ-11 is used to connect to a plain old telephone line. Ina DSL network, this interface connects the modem to the wall.
Registered Jack 45 (RJ-45) Interface A network interface or connection with eight pins, that is similar, but wider than RJ-11 connectors. RJ-45 is used to create a wired connection between a computer and a network.
Bluetooth A technology used to create wireless connections between computers and devices.
Near Field Communications (NFC) A technology that uses specially encoded tags that respond in a specific way when scanned by a radio frequency reader. NFC is often used ny placing a smartphone near a scanner to pay for an item in a store.
Dial-Up A technology used in the early days of the Internet where a computer would make a phone call to the ISP to establish Internet connectivity.
Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) A technology that uses phone lines to establish high-speed connectivity to the Internet through an ISP.
Cable A technology that uses cable tv lines to establish high-speed conntivity to the Internet through an ISP.
Fiber Optic A technology that used fiber optic cables that carry light signals to establish high-speed conntivity to the Internet through an ISP.
Satellite A technology that sends signals to and from a satellite to establish connectivity to the Internet through an ISP.
Cellular A technology that uses cellular radio signals to establish connectivity to the Internet through an ISP.
Wi-Fi A technology that uses radio signals to connect a device to an access point.
Created by: Jaden Gould
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