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Cyber Security Unit

TermDefinition
Digital Footprint The trail that you leave behind when you engage in online experiences
Network Security Cloud Lab virtual machine or simulated computer that runs on a host computer.
Crack To guess or discover information, especially a password.
Python Script A collection of Python code or commands that perform some function.
Brute Force Attacks An attempt to discover information, especially passwords, through trial and error. Attackers try as many passwords or phrases as possible hoping one of the guesses is correct.
Dictionary Attack A systematic attempt to crack a password testing with words and phrases found in online dictionaries.
Encrypted A process that converts human-readable text or data into a coded from. It is usually used to protect data from being easily seen or accessed. To encrypt means to do the conversion.
Algorithm A set of steps to accomplish a task.
File extension The part of the filename that comes after the period, indicating the file type.
Authorizes To give permission, for example, in order to access information.
Authenticate To confirm your identity using knowledge known only to you or information interpreted by you.
CAPTCHA A system that can distinguish between a human and an automated program.
Social Media Websites and applications used for communication by large groups of people, enabling them to share information and develop an online social network
Spam Irrelevant or inappropriate messaging sent through email to a large number of recipients; also known as junk mail.
Phshing Practice of sending fraudulent emails that appear to be from legitimate companies with the intent to induce people to share sensitive information, such as passwords and credit card numbers.
Phisher The person sending the phishing attempts
Cyberteam A team of individuals working together to investigate cyber events and anomalies.
Team Norms Guidelines that team members develop in order to be followed when working together.
Network Topology The arrangement of the various elements (computers, routers, switches, etc) of a network.
LAN A small local area network of computers and devices.
Services Service can have two meanings in computer terminology: a) A service can be a specific application or function such as email, chat, etc. b) A service can refer to a specific part of an application, such as transmitting the data of a web page
Vulnerabilities In cybersecurity terms, a vulnerability is a weakness in a system that allows an attacker to gain unauthorized access.
Adware Advertising software that can automatically download files or link to websites. It is often unasked-for and can contain malware.
Popup A new dialog box that appears on your screen, sometimes without you requesting it.
Operating System Software that supports a computer's basic functioning. Every general purpose computer has an operating system.
Updated Enhancements, improvements, and problem fixes for software.
Firewall Software that can stop malware from entering a network, computer, or device.
Server A computer shared by multiple users across a network. It usually contains resources such as files, computer applications, or large databases.
Router A network device that controls and filters data between networks, either wired or wireless. It is a specific type of "gateway", a device that acts as a gate between two networks.
Protocol An agreed-upon method for communication.
Port A numerical address that a process uses to make itself available to incoming data.
Web Server A computer that delivers files forming web pages across a network to requesting clients.
HTTP Hyper-text transfer protocol; the rules of communication that web sites use to exchange data.
Log Files A file that contains an official record of activities that occur on a computer.
Antivirus Software that runs on your computer, looking for many different types of malware from many different sources.
Encrypt A process that converts human-readable text or data into a coded from. It is usually used to protect data from being easily seen or accessed. To encrypt means to do the conversion
Wildcard A special character that can represents one or more characters. The asterisk (*) wildcard can stand from many letters, numbers, or symbols.
RAM Random Access Memory, or RAM, stores data that is in use.
Environment Variable A value that can change depending on the environment in which a processes runs.
URL The acronym for "Uniform Resource Locator". The systematic way to find specific web addresses and web pages. A URL is composed of characters that contain information about where to locate a resource over the internet.
Browser Extension An optional feature of a browser that extends standard browser features. Also called an add-on.
Cookies Small text-based bits of information about your browser that a web server saves.
Incident Response (IR) Report A documentation tool that describes how an organization detected and handled a specific incident of a data breach or cyberattack.
Created by: gandreasen