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Business Law 1.02

Understanding court systems and trial procedures

TermDefinition
Answer response to a civil complaint
Arraignment/initial Hearing the charged person is brought before a judge to determine probable cause and set any bail requirements
Arrest A person who has allegedly committed a felony offense or a serious misdemeanor offense
Civil Court handles legal disputes that are not crimes, handled by judges, attorneys, and law firms that focus on specific areas of non-criminal law, such as patent law or divorce litigation.
Closing Arguments used to persuade jurors to adopt an interpretation favorable to each sides positions
Compliant ( plaintiff) person or entity bringing or filing a lawsuit
Complaint initial pleading by which a lawsuit begins
Criminal Court the government files a case against someone for committing a crime.
defendant person or entity against which the lawsuit is brought, is the person accused of committing a crime
Evidence facts or information
Federal District Courts are the workhouses for federal judiciary
Grand Jury panel of 18 people randomly selected citizens for a trail to determine if probable cause exists for the case to go to trial
Initial Bail the Magistrate sets an initial bail bond amount in order for the person to be released or changed for the sentence
Jury Instructions Given by the trial judge that state what the defendant can be found guilty of and what the prosecution or plaintiff has to prove
Jury Selection is the selection of the people who will serve on a jury during a jury trial
Juvenile Court to deal with minors who have been accused of violating a criminal statue
magistrates' Court this court handles money claims of less than 15,000
N.C. Court of Appeals Intermediate appellate court that decides only questions of law
N.C. District Court holds trials to determine the facts of cases -civil court -criminal court -Juvenile court -Magistrates' Court
N.C. Superior Court Made up of two divisions, Superior and District court
N.C. Supreme Court States Highest court. Questions the law
Opening Statement Given at the beginning of the trial. Sets the basic scene for the jurors by outlining facts and introduce them to the core disputes in the case
Pleadings papers requesting something or responding to a request that are filed in the case
Summons official notice of the lawsuit that is issued by the Clerk of court
Testimony declaration by a witness under oath
U.S. Court Appeals Has appellate jurisdiction over the district courts.
U.S. Supreme Court has both original and appellate jurisdiction
Voir Dire attorneys for both prosecution (plaintiff if civil) are allowed to strike a specific number of jurors without justification
Created by: alaynac
 

 



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