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literary terms


short story a brief work of fiction intended to be read in a single setting
characters people or animals who take part in action
traits a character's qualities, attitudes and values
motives the reasons for a character's actions
setting the time and place of the story's action
characterization a writer uses what the character does or says to reveal personality
mood the story's atmosphere
plot a sequence of events in the story
conflict struggle between opposing forces in the story
internal conflict takes place in the mind of a character (maybe opposing feelings)
external conflict takes place between a character and an outside force, such as nature
theme the message of the story or an insight about life
plot structure the way in which story events or organized for dramatic effect
exposition introduces the characters and their situation
inciting event often included in the exposition, reveals the central conflict of a story
rising action leading to the climax, develops the conflict
climax the point of greatest intensity in a story, the turning point where outcome is determined
falling action sets up the story's ending
resolution shows how the conflict is settled
point of view the perspective from which the story is told
first person POV presents the story from perspective of a character-uses pronouns I, me, my
third person POV tells story from the perspective of a narrator outside the story
omniscient third person narrator knows everything, reveals what each characters thinks/feels
limited third person narrator reveals the thoughts and feelings of a single character
chronological order show the chain of events in story as it unfolds in time order
flashback shows events from before the present of the story, to reveal a character's motives
dialogue presentation of a character's words uttered, can also move the action along
direct characterization the narrator makes direct statement about a character's personality
indirect characterization writer shows what characters say about them, and how characters respond to them
Created by: Ipugh