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Depression, War and Recovery

Wall Street Crash, the US stock exchange collapsed. 29th October 1929
Britain experiences the economic depression as an impact of the Wall Street Crash. Early 1930s
Britain becomes major economic rivals with the USA, Japan and Germany. 1920s, (economy)
Britain follows the policy of free trade. 1920s, (imports)
Government introduces the Unemployment Insurance Act 1920. This created a system of payments for unemployed workers and gave some financial support commonly known as 'the dole'. 1920, (unemployment)
The National Government introduces the Means Test. This was designed to control and reduce the amount of dole that was paid. 1931
The first hunger march. 1905
The Jarrow march. 1936
Rhondda Valley hunger march. 14th October 1932
For many, this period was a time of increasing prosperity. 1930s
The Special Areas Act was passed. 1934
The Treforest Industrial Estate in South Wales was established. June 1936
The duration of the First World War. 1914 to 1918
Treaty of Versailles signed. 1919
Hitler appointed Chancellor of Germany 1933
After the death of President Hindenburg, Hitler named himself the Fuhrer. August 1934
Germany signs a Non-Aggression Pact with Poland that was meant to last for 10 years. 1934
Germany signs the Anglo-German Naval Agreement. 1935
The remilitarisation of the Rhineland by Hitler. 7th March 1936
A plebiscite was held in which 99.75% of the population in Austria agreed to the Anschluss. Austria is now apart of Germany. April 1938
Munich Agreement is signed by Germany, Britain, Italy and France. 30th September 1938
The policy of appeasement is used towards Germany. 1937-1940
Creation of the Air Raid Wardens' Service. 1937
The British had developed a sophisticated defence system against enemy bombing known as RADAR. Mid 1930's
Conscription is introduced. April 1939
Made compulsory for men aged 18-41 to join the armed forces. September 1939
Declaration of the Second World War. 1st September 1939
End of the Second World War. 2nd September 1945
30,000 incendiary bombs are dropped on the aircraft factories in Coventry. 14th November 1940
The 'Three Nights' Blitz' in Swansea town. 19th February-21st February 1941
Evacuation begins. 1st September 1939, (effects of war)
The first stage in the rationing process, National Registration Day. 29th September 1939
Women prove how useful they are to war efforts. 1943
BBC close down its television transmissions. 1st September 1939, (censorship)
Ministry of Information is set up. 1939+, (censorship)
Spitfire fund is set up by Lord Beaverbrook, backed by the government. 1940
Winston Churchill is appointed Prime Minister. 10th May 1940
'Victory in Europe' day is celebrated throughout Britain and Europe. 8th May 1945
Demobilisation begins. 18th June 1945
Labour party wins the General Election under Clement Attlee. 26th July 1945
William Beveridge publishes the 'Beveridge Report' disclosing the 'Five Giants' of society. 1942, (Labour acts)
National Insurance Act is passed to attack 'Want'. Gives unemployment, sickness, maternity, 'Widow's', Orphans benefit. Gives death grants to cover costs of funeral and Old Age Pensions to men over 65 amd women over 60. 1946, (Labour acts)
Education Act is passed to attack 'Ignorance'. Education is divided into primary, secondary and further. Free education provided until school leaving age of 14 (raised to 15 in 1947). Secondary school is split into grammar, technical and modern. 1944, (Labour acts)
New Towns Act passed to attack 'Squalor'. 17 in England, 5 in Scotland, 1 in Wales. 1946, (Labour acts)
National Health Service Act passed to attack 'Disease' under administration by Aneurin Bevan. Health services provided free to public at the point of use. 1946, (Labour acts)
Nationalisation of the key industries. Justified on the grounds of: Industrial efficiency, creating jobs to maintain full employment, lower prices for the consumer. 1945, (Labour manifesto)
Created by: hannahbowker
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