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Unit 10 - 8th

8th grade

TermDefinition
Appomattox Courthouse Place of Lee's surrender to Grant to end Civil War - This marked the beginning of the North bringing the South back into the Union
Gettysburg Turning Point of the Civil War - Lee gambled all and lost half of his army and equipment and was never the same and was in retreat the last two years of the war
Sharecropping Many freedmen turned to this after the war to try to feed their families - It often times put the freedmen into heavy debt
Reconstruction The South was rebuilt during this time period. It was split into five military districts, KKK ran rampant, 13th,14th, and 15th Amendments were added to Constitution, railroads, farms, and property had been destroyed, banks failed, crops failed
U.S. Grant Lt. General of the union army, Mexican War veteran, 18th president, West Point graduate
Fort Sumter First Shots of the Civil War
Civil Rights Act of 1866 First law of its kind to give people citizenship and equal rights - led to the 14th Amendment
Antietam 1862, gave Lincoln an opportunity to issue Emancipation Proclamation, Bloodiest day of fighting
Jefferson Davis Only president of the Confederacy
13th Amendment Passed in 1865 right after the war to outlaw slavery
Vicksburg Union victory that split the Confederacy in half by taking the Mississippi river
Hiram Rhodes Revels First African American Senator during Reconstruction
William Carney First African American to receive the Medal of Honor for his feats during the Civil War
Black Codes The South fought back against the Reconstruction Amendments by finding ways to keep African Americans from having same rights as whites (examples - Literacy tests, Poll taxes)
Philip Bazaar First immigrant from Chile to win the Medal of Honor during the Civil War
15th Amendment The right to vote could not be denied because of race
Created by: ddriskill