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Art Fundamentals

20 questions on basic terms used for art.

QuestionAnswer
What is the technique used to create a 3D illusion on a 2D surface? Perspective
What is the difference between one-point and two-point perspective? The number of vanishing points on the horizon line.
What is a primary color? A color that cannot be produced using two other colors.
What are the three primary colors? Red, Yellow, and Blue
What is a secondary color? A color that is made by mixing two primary colors.
What are the three secondary colors? Orange, Green, and Purple
What are opposite colors? Colors that are opposite of each other on the color wheel.
What are the three main sets of opposite colors? 1.Red and Green, 2.Orange and Blue, 3.Purple and Yellow
What is cross-hatching? Shading using intersecting sets of parallel lines.
What is line weight? The lightness, darkness, or heaviness of a line.
What produces variations in line weight? Differences in pressure applied to the surface being drawn on.
What is value? The lightness or darkness of tones/colors.
What is negative space? The space within, between, and around objects.
What is saturation? The brilliance and intensity of a color.
What is the difference between a tint and a shade? Lighter values of a hue are tints and darker values are shades.
What are the seven elements of design? Color, Line, Point, Shape, Texture, Space, and Form
What is color theory? Practical guidance to color mixing and the visual effects of a specific color combination.
What is foreshortening? Portray or show (an object or view) as closer than it is or as having less depth or distance, as an effect of perspective or the angle of vision.
What is surrealism? A 20th-century avant-garde movement in art and literature which sought to release the creative potential of the unconscious mind, for example by the irrational juxtaposition of images.
What is composition? Composition is the placement or arrangement of visual elements or 'ingredients' in a work of art.
Created by: elizabeth.braden