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OT Musculo midterm

QuestionAnswer
Role of OT clinician in MOHO support & enable client to do what they need in order to change
where is the walker held in regards to client's body? handles are @ height of client's wrist
What are the subsystems of MOHO? volition (motivation), habituation, performance capacity
which FOR treats for RA, OA, fractures, amputations, hand trauma, burns, Peripheral nerve inhjuries, gullian barre syndrome, spinal cord injuries, muscular dystrophy? biomechanical
which FOR treats for clients with low motor neuron disorders? biomechanical
which FOR is for clients who have a CNS dysfunction and DO NOT produce controlled coordinated movement patterns? sensorimotor
which FOR provides CONTROLLED input to the nervous system to stimulate SPECIFIC responses producing controlled voluntary movement? sensorimotor
which FOR would treat clients with back pain, blindness and visual impairment, chronic pain, deafness and hearing loss, and vestibular disorders? sensorimotor
which FOR has the OT grade activities to increase ROM, muscle strength, and endurance? biomechanical
which FOR restores function through therapeutic use of exercise or orthotics or prevents or reduce deformity through? biomechanical
which FOR focuses on abilities, perf skills, occupations, targets MOHO's habituation & environment? rehabilitation
which FOR involves work simplification, energy conservation, wheelchair management, prosthetic training, adaptive clothing, assistive device training, community transportation? rehabilitation
which FOR has the OT identify the client's strengths in order to use them in treatment sessions? rehabilitation
What provides a structure for organizing thoughts Frame of Reference
What are the 3 stages of motor learning? cognitive, associative, autonomous
Adjusting and tightening the gate belt is what type of motor skill? associative
doing the transfer seamlessly is what type of motor skill? autonomous
What happens for procedural learning to occur? demonstration, practice, feedback
what is the norm for shoulder flexion? 0-170 degrees
what is the norm for shoulder extension? 0-60 degrees
what is the norm for shoulder abduction? 0-170 degrees
what is the norm for external rotation? 0-80 degrees
what is the norm for elbow extension to flexion? 0 to 135-150 degrees
what is the norm for forearm supination? 0 to 80-90 degrees
what is the norm for forearm pronation? 0-90 degrees
what is the norm for wrist flexion? 0-80 degrees
what is the norm for radial deviation? 0-20 degrees
what is the norm for ulnar deviation? 0-30 degrees
what is the norm for wrist extension? 0-70 degrees
what is the muscle grade for good to normal? 4 to 5
what is a fair plus muscle grade? F+ or 3 +
what is a fair muscle grade? 3, move against gravity, light tasks w/ no resistance
what is the ratio for every one day of hospitalization days needed to recover back to PLOF (previous level of function) 3:1
what type of testing is used primarily with patients who ave lower motor neuron disorders? manual muscle testing
which is declarative learning? memory based, sequencing, ex. getting fully dressed
what 3 things does dynamic systems view look at? 1) individual, 2) task, 3) environment (TIE)
for spinal precautions what is B.L.T? no bending, lifting, twisting
what type of practice is best w/ confused individuals or learning new task? blocked massed practice
what skill is random practice, client practices at own pace? skill retention
which skill is distributed practice, ex. 1 or twice per week? skill refinement
which type learning is task broken down into each step or procedure? progressive-part learning
what are contrived tasks? used when replicating a task is difficult-simulated
what are preparatory tasks? activities help with specific motor components or parts what
what are the 4 basic elements of learning/ teaching? assessment, design, instruction, feedback (ADIF)
what type of practice is more beneficial with someone who has good retention or problem solving? random sequence practice
which type of practice is best used when the client is in the cognitive stage of motor learning? part practice
which part of SOAP includes the professional opinion and interpretation of client's functional performance and problem list? A: Assessment
What percentile is minimum assistance? 75% patient effort
what percentile is moderate assistance? patient 50% effort
what percentile is maximum assistance? patient 25% effort
Is biomechanical approach for upper or lower motor neurons? lower motor neurons