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Neck Muscles

QuestionAnswer
Sternocleidmastoid muscle motions? 1. Neck flexion 2. Lateral flexion (same side) 3. Neck rotation (opposite side)
Scalene muscle motions? 1. Neck flexion 2. Lateral flexion (same side) 3. No rotation
Splenius capitis muscle motions? Bilaterally: Extend neck and head Unilaterally: Lateral bend/ rotation of neck to the same side
Splenius cervicis muscle motions? Bilaterally: Extend neck Unilaterally: Lateral bend/ rotation of neck to the same side
Sternocleidmastoid muscle extend or flex? Flex
Scalene muscle extend or flex? Flex
Splenius cervicis muscle extend or flex? Extend
Splenius capitis muscle extend or flex? Extend
External Obliques motions? Bilaterally: Trunk flexion and compression of abdomen Unilaterally: Lateral bending/ rotation to the OPPOSITE side
Internal Obliques motions? Bilaterally: Trunk flexion and compression of abdomen Unilaterally: Lateral bending/ rotation to the SAME side
External Obliques flex or extend? Flex
Internal Obliques flex or extend? Flex
External Obliques flexes what part of the body? Trunk
Internal Obliques flexes what part of the body? Trunk
Scalene muscle flexes what part of the body? Neck
Sternocleidmastoid muscle flexes what part of the body? Neck
Splenius cervicis muscle extend what of the body? Neck
Splenius capitis muscle extend what of the body? Head and neck
Transverse abdominis muscle motions? Only compression of the abdomen
Rectus abdominis Trunk flexion and compression of the abdomen
Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) has what motions? Chewing, swallowing, yawning, and speaking
Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) has what joint? Hinge-like joint, but not pure hinge joint because it has sliding movements
Vertebral joint motions has how many planes? 3
Vertebral joint motions has how many motions? 1. Flexion, Extension (Saggital plane) 2. Lateral bending (Frontal plane) 3. Rotation (Transverse plane)
Sciatica pathology? Pain down posterior thigh and leg
Lordosis pathology? Curve of (L)umbar spine
Kyohosis pathology? Increased thoracic curve
Scoliosis pathology? Lateral curve of spine
Spondylosis ? Spinal osteoarthritis
Spinal stenosis? Narrowing of vertebral canal
Atlas is? C1
Axis is? C2
Erector Spinae muscles 1. SpinalisSpinalis 2. Longissimus 3. Iliocostalis
Erector Spinae muscles movements? Bilaterally: extend neck and trunk Unilaterally: laterally bending of trunk and neck
Quadratus Lumborum Trunk (L)ateral bending
Created by: Genevadarcius