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んです goes after the short form of a predicate.The predicate can be either in the affirmative or in the negative, either in the present tense or in the past tense.
バスが来なかったんです。 (As it happens) the bus didn't come.
明日テストがあるんです。 I have an exam tomorrow. (So I can't go out tonight.)
トイレに行きたいんです。 I want to go to the bathroom. (So tell me where it is.)
せいせきがよくないんです。 In response to the question "Why do you look so upset?" (As a matter of fact) My grade is not good.
しけんがおわったんです。 (explaining to a person who has caught you smiling) The exam is over (that's why I am smiling)
しずかです しずかなんです
学生です 学生んです
You can use んですin questions to invite explications and further clarifications from the person you are talking to
Q: どうしてかれと別れたんですか。 A: かれ、ぜんぜんおふろにはらないんです。 Q: Why did you break up with your boyfriend? (you've got to tell me) A: Oh him He never takes a bath. (that's a good enough reason.)
Q: どうしたんですか A: ねこがしんだんです。 What happened? ( you look shattered) My cat died. (that should explain how I look today) question best answered with the particle が instead ofは
You can also use んです とてもきょうかしょですね。 ええ、私の大学の先生が書いたんです。 to provide an additional comment on what has just been said  That's a great textbook that you are using. You bet. The professors at my university wrote it (for your info)
Verb stems may be followed by the helping verb すぎる, which means too much, or to excess. すぎる conjugates as a regular ru verb.
早く起きすぎました。 食べすぎてはいけましん。 I got up too early. You must not eat too much.
すぎる can also follow い and な adjective bases (the parts which do not change in conjugations) you drop the い and な at the end of adjectives and then add すぎる
この本は高すぎます。 This book is too expensive.
この町はむずかすぎます。 This town is too quiet.
you can use すぎる when something is beyond normal or proper. suggesting that you do not welcome it. しんせつすぎます for example is not a straightforward compliment. Use modifiers like とても and すごく to say something is in a high degree
Created by: 1638250176451631