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Britian 1625-88

Changing structure of society

Political class Comprised no more than 5 percent of the population yet had control over 70% of the land enabling them to have social and political power.
Political power Ownership of land entitled people to have access political power. No land - no power.
Political structure Monarch, Nobility and the gentry.
Nobility In 1633 they were only made up of 122 people.
Power of the Nobility Major landholding meant they had influence in rent rates and food prices.
Expansion of the power of Nobility In 1688 the influence extended upon trade, finance, rent, and manufacturing. Established town houses and London residences.
Decline in Noble power 1625-88 - Challenged by the new commercial and merchant class. - Losing the civil war meant royalist nobles lost money and lands which were confiscated by the republic. - House of Lords was abolished in 1649 and revived in 1660 with the convention parliament.
Non-landed gentry Lawyers, merchants, doctors, the clergy, musicians and architects. Many of these professionals purchased land for their family and became part of the landed gentry.
Gentry - the flourishing Being the largest social group attending universities they became more educated, especially in farming techniques. Improved quality of their land through drainage and land reclamation.
The Gentry class Success in educational attainment and personal wealth enhanced their social standing and political self confidence. This was reflected from figures such as Pym, Hampden and Cromwell.
Created by: Haribro