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Ace Body Deviations

TermDefinition
Lordosis: An increased anterior lumbar curve with an associated tilting of the pelvis. This typically leads to tension on the spine, which could result in low-back pain.
Lordosis Exercise Considerations: Focus on strengthening abdominal and hip extensor (hamstrings) muscles, while stretching the hip flexors and spine extensors (erector spinae).
Kyphosis: An increased posterior thoracic curve with associated rounded shoulders, depressed chest, and forward-head posture with neck hyperextension.
Kyphosis Exercise Considerations: Rounded-shoulders posture may be caused by weakness or lengthening of the muscles that control scapular movement—the rhomboids and trapezius. Excessive tightness or shortening of the chest muscles can also contribute to rounded-shoulder posture.
Flat Back: A decreased anterior lumbar curve or a reduced normal inward curve of the lower back with the pelvis tilted posteriorly and head exhibiting a forward position.
Flat Back Exercise Considerations: The rectus abdominis, upper-back extensors, and hip extensors are tight while the hip-flexors and lumbar extensors are long and weak. Focus on strengthening the erector spinae and multifidus as well.
Sway Back: A decreased anterior lumbar curve and increased posterior thoracic curve. Sway back is often seen with rounded shoulders, a depressed chest and a forward-tilted head. The femur and head are farther forward than what is seen in a kyphosis deviation.
Sway Back Exercise Considerations: Hamstrings and lumbar extensors are tight and while the hip flexors and upper-back extensors are long and weak. Focus on strengthening the muscles in the upper back while stretching the chest and promoting lumbar stability and thoracic mobility.
Scoliosis: An excessive lateral spinal curvature often accompanied by vertebral rotation. While scoliosis is a congenital or non-correctable condition, exercises can be implemented to help manage the deviation.
Scoliosis Exercise Considerations Implement exercises aimed at improving strength and range of motion of the muscles on both sides of the vertebral column.
Exercises for Scoliosis Regularly performing exercises that create balance between opposing muscles along the trunk and spine are helpful for promoting optimal posture. The key focus is on stability and mobility.
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