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low vision

TermDefinition
central vision loss cataracts, age related macular degeneration
cataracts reduced visual acuity
cataracts blurry vision
cataracts decreased ability to distinguish colors
cataracts distortion of visual images
cataracts increased glare sensitivity
cataracts increased difficulty distinguishing similarly colored objects from the background
age related macular degeneration impaired mobility skills
age related macular degeneration reduced ability to perform ADL's and IADL's
age related macular degeneration decreased ability to recognize faces and perform detail work (reading, needlepoint, writing)
age related macular degeneration difficulty with social participation
peripheral vision loss glaucoma
glaucoma difficulty in task and activities such as ambulation, reading, writing
diabetic retinopathy fluctuating vision loss
diabetic retinopathy blurry vision
diabetic retinopathy reduction in contrast sensitivity
diabetic retinopathy decrease in the ability to drive at night
diabetic retinopathy reduction in color discrimination
diabetic retinopathy patchy spots of visual field loss
diabetic retinopathy total blindness
presbyopia difficulty focusing on near objects
ADL and IADL assessments Melbourne Low Vision ADL index, Canadian Occupational Performance Measure
Visual acuity assessments lighthouse near visual acuity test, Snellen E chart or tumbling E chart
visual field assessments (peripheral) Confrontation testing, central ampler grid
constrast sensitivity assessments Pelli-Robson constrict sensitivity chart
central vision loss teach clients to rotate their head or turn their trunk to use peripheral vision using a technique called eccentric viewing
peripheral vision loss teach clients to rotate their head and trunk more to ensure they are seeing the entire visual field
Created by: Jonise22