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A&P Hormones

QuestionAnswer
What is the Abbreviation for Thyroid Stimulating Hormone? TSH
What gland does TSH come out of? Anterior Pituitary
What is the target organ for TSH? Thyroid gland
What is the function of TSH? Control secretion of thyroid hormones
What is TSH regulated by? Hypothalamic control via Thyrotropin Releasing Hormone (TRH)
What class is TSH in? Peptide
What is the abbreviation for Adrenocorticotropic Hormone? ACTH
Where does ACTH come out of? Anterior Pituitary
What is the target tissue for ACTH? Adrenal Cortex
What is the function of ACTH? Secretion of glucocorticoids
What is ACTH regulated by? Hypothalamic control via corticotropin releasing hormone (CRH)
What is the abbreviation for Follicle-Stimulating Hormone? (Gonadotropin) FSH
Where does FSH come from? Anterior Pituitary
Where are the target cells for FSH? Ovarian Follicle Cells in females and Testicular nurse cells in males
What is the function of FSH? Secrete Estrogen & cause follicular development in females, stimulates sperm maturation in males
What is FSH regulated by? Hypothalamic control via Gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH)
What class is ACTH in? Peptide
What class is FSH in? Peptide
What is the abbreviation for Luteinizing Hormone? (Gonadotropin) LH
Where does LH come from? Anterior Pituitary
What is the target cell for LH? Ovarian Follicle Cells in females and Interstitial Cells in males
What is LH regulated by? Hypothalamic control via Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone (GnRH)
What class is LH in? Peptide
What is the abbreviation for Prolactin? PRL
Where does PRL come from? Anterior Pituitary
What organ does PRL target? Mammary Glands
What is the function of PRL? milk production
What is PRL regulated by? Hypothalamic control via Prolactin Releasing Factor and Prolactin Inhibiting Hormone
What class is PRL in? Peptide
What is the abbreviation for Growth Hormone? GH
Where does GH come from? Anterior Pituitary
What does GH target? All cells
What is the function of GH? Growth, Protein synthesis, Lipid mobilization, Catabolism
What is GH regulated by? Hypothalamic control via GH releasing Hormone and GH inhibiting Hormone
What class is GH in? Peptide
What is the abbreviation for Melanocyte Stimulating Hormone? MSH
Where does MSH come from? Anterior Pituitary
What does MSH target? Melanocytes
What is the function of MSH? Increase melanin synthesis in skin
What is MSH regulated by? Hypothalamic control via MSH Inhibiting Hormone
What class is MSH in? Peptide
What is the abbreviation for Antidiuretic Hormone? ADH
Where does ADH come from? Posterior Pituitary Gland
What does ADH target? Kidneys
What is the function of ADH? Reabsorption of water, elevation of blood volume and BP
What is ADH regulated by? NO HYPOTHALAMIC REGULATION; Regulated by the osmoreceptors
What class is ADH in? Peptide
What is the abbreviation for Oxytocin? OXT
Where does OXT come from? Posterior Pituitary
What does OXT target? Uterus and Mammary glands in females Ductus Deferens and Prostate in males
What is the function of OXT? Labor contractions and milk ejections in females, contraction of ducts deferens and prostate in males
What is OXT regulated by? NO HYPOTHALAMIC REGULATION; regulated by sensory input
What class does OXT belong to? Peptide
What is the abbreviation for Thyroxine/ Triiodothyronine? T3/T4
Where do T3 and T4 come from? Thyroid
What do T3 and T4 target? most cells
What is the function of T3 and T4? Increases energy utilization, oxygen consumption, growth and development
What are T3 and T4 regulated by? Stimulated by TSH from Pituitary Gland
What is the abbreviation for Calcitonin? CT
What class are T3 and T4 in? Amino Acid Derivative
Where does CT come from? Thyroid
What does CT Target? Bone, Kidneys
What is the function of CT? Decreases Ca2+ concentration in body fluids
What is CT regulated by? Stimulated by increased Ca2+ concentration in blood; Opposed by PTH
What class does CT belong to? Peptide
What is the abbreviation for parathyroid hormone? PTH
Where does PTH come from? Parathyroid
Where does PTH target? Kidneys, bone
What is the function of PTH? Increases Ca2+ concentration in body fluids
What is PTH regulated by? stimulated by decreased Ca2+ concentration in blood; opposed by CT
What class is PTH a part of? Peptide
What do Mineralocorticoids target? Kidneys
What is the function of Mineralocorticoids? Increases reabsorption of Na+ and H2O and accelerates urinary loss of K+
What are Mineralocorticoids regulated by? Stimulated by increased K+ concentration and decreased Na+ concentration in plasma
What class do Mineralocorticoids belong to? Steroids
Where do Glucocorticoids come from? Zona Fasciculata of Adrenal Cortex
What is the target of Glucocorticoids? Most cells
What is the function of Glucocorticoids? Mobilization of amino acids, lipids, and glucose and promotes lipid utilization
Where do Androgens come from? Zona Reticularis of Adrenal Cortex
What is the target of Androgens? Most cells
What is the function of Androgens? Encourages bone, muscle and blood formation in women and children
What are glucocorticoids regulated by? Stimulated by ACTH
What are Androgens regulated by? Stimulated by ACTH
What class do Glucocorticoids belong to? Steroids
What class do Androgens belong to? Steroids
Adrenal Medulla
Where do Epinephrine and Norepinephrine target? Most cells
What is the function of Epinephrine and Norepinephrine? Increases cardiac activity, glycogen breakdown, and lipid release by adipose tissue
How are Epinephrine and Norepinephrine regulated? Stimulated by sympathetic nervous tissue activation
What class do Epi and Norepi belong to? Amino Acid Derivatives
Where does Melatonin come from? Pineal Gland
What is the target for Melatonin? Various cell types
What is the function of Melatonin? Inhibits reproductive function, potent antioxidant activity, influences circadian rhythms
What is Melatonin regulated by? Regulated by light stimulus from the visual pathway
What class does Melatonin belong to? Amino Acid Derivative
Where does Glucagon come from? Pancreatic A-cells
What does Glucagon target? Liver, Adipose Tissue
What is the function of Glucagon? Mobilizes lipids, promotes glucose synthesis and glycogen breakdown
What is Glucagon regulated by? Stimulated by decrease in blood glucose, inhibited by GH and IH
What class does Glucagon belong to? Peptide
Where does Insulin come from? Pancreatic B-cells
What does Insulin target? Most cells
What is the function of Insulin? Facilitates glucose uptake, stimulates formation and storage of lipids and glycogen
What is Insulin regulated by? Stimulated by increase in blood glucose; inhibited by GH-IH
What class does Insulin belong to? Peptide
What is the abbreviation for Growth Hormone Inhibiting Hormone (Somatostatin) GH-IH
Where does GH-IH come from? Pancreatic O-cells
What is the target for GH-IH? Other pancreatic islet cells, digestive epithelium
What is the function of GH-IH? Inhibits insulin and glucagon secretion, slows digestion
What is GH-IH regulated by? Stimulated by high-protein meals
What class does GH-IH belong to? Peptide
What is the abbreviation for Pancreatic Polypeptide? PP
Where does PP come from? Pancreatic F-cells
What is the target for PP? Digestive Organs
What is the function for PP? Inhibits gallbladder contraction, regulates pancreatic enzymes
What class does PP belong to? Peptide
Created by: smhoffman