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The Knee

Inspection or Observation

QuestionAnswerQuestionAnswerQuestionAnswerQuestionAnswer
How do we quantitatively note swelling or atrophy? Girth measurement What do we want to note about patella tracking? (C) During flexion, the patella makes inital contact with the groove at 10-20 degree of flexion What do we note about knee structure (Posture) (2) Genu valgum "knock knees" What do we want to note about patella alignment? (4) Frog eyed patella= patella faces outward
What are the 5 measurement sites compared bilaterally? 1. Belly of Gastroc 2. Med Patella 3. 2inches above patella 4. 6inches above patella 5. 8inches above patella What do we want to note about patella tracking? (D) It is in the groove as the knee approaches 20-30 degrees What do we note about knee structure (Posture) (3) Genu recurvation "back knee"
What is usually used to measure inches or centimeters? Measurements are done in either inches or centimeters. Usually a personal philosophy What do we want to note about patella tracking? (E) Patella position is maintained by the quadriceps & 2 retinaculums What do we want to note about patella alignment? (1) Patella Alta = patella faces upward
What do we want to note about patella tracking? (A) During flexion & extension the patella tracks within the femoral groove What do we want to note about patella tracking? (F) If the vastus lateralis is stronger than the vastus medialis, the patella may track laterally-making contact with the lateral femoral condyle What do we want to note about patella alignment? (2) Patella infra = patella faces downward
What do we want to note about patella tracking? (B) When the knee is fully extended, the patella rests on the distal portion of the femoral shaft What do we note about knee structure (Posture) (1) Genu Varum "Bowed Legs" What do we want to note about patella alignment? (3) Squinting patella = patella faces inward
What do we first want to note? 1. Swelling 2.Atrophy :particulary the quadriceps
Swelling of the knee can be classified as which two types? 1. Localized (extra articular) 2. Generalized (inter articular)
Created by: poly4life