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Poetry chap 1-8

Baker's SS&S poetry terms and poems chapters 1-8

QuestionAnswer
language used to communicate information practical language
language used to persuade hortatory language
language used to communicate experience literary language
4 dimensions of a person to which poetry speaks mind, emotions, imagination, senses
reference book essential to poetry analysis dictionary
the exercise of translating a poem into your own words, making figurative language literal but retaining the point of view paraphrase
deliberate choice of words for effect diction
purposeful use of sentence structure syntax
3 elements of every word denotation, connotation, sound
the literal, dictionary definition of a word denotation
the emotional content communicated by a word connotation
language that appeals to the senses imagery
appealing to the sense of sight visual
appealing to the sense of hearing auditory
appealing to the sense of touch tactile
appealing to the sense of smell olfactory
appealing to the sense of taste gustatory
appealing to the sense of motion kinetic
appealing to the sense of bodily movement kinesthetic
appealing to internal feelings organic
language that means exactly what it says literal
language that means something other than what it says figurative
a particular example of figurative language figure of speech/ rhetorical figure
a comparison of two unrelated things using a word of direct comparison (like, as, similar, etc.) simile
speaking of one thing as if it were another thing without a word of direct comparison metaphor
speaking of a non-human thing as if it were human personification
speaking to something that cannot hear and respond as if it could hear and respond apostrophe
speaking of a part of something as if it were the whole thing synecdoche
speaking of a related object as if it were the thing itself metonymy
an object that is present in the work but that also represents an abstraction in the work symbol
a complex web of symbols in which characters and events represent philosophical or religious truths allegory
Robert Herrick poem expressing "Carpe Diem" philosophy through flower symbolism "To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time"
two mutually exclusive conditions that somehow are both true paradox
exaggeration for effect hyperbole (overstatement)
downplaying the importance or extent of something for effect understatement
using a statement to mean its opposite; the listener understands the intended meaning verbal irony
a situation in literature in which the reader/ watcher knows more than a character knows and so can recognize unintended consequences before they are evident dramatic irony
a situation in literature or life in which the intended outcome is the opposite of the expected outcome but is somehow appropriate or the real condition is the opposite of the expected condition but is appropriate situational irony
spoken words that mean the opposite of what they say, intended to criticize sarcasm
writing that criticizes human folly or vice, often through exaggerated imitation satire
Shelley sonnet picturing the crumbling remains of a great statue and the inscription under it "Ozymandias"
a reference to information outside the work itself which the writer expects the reader to recognize and respond to allusion
Wilfred Owen poem dramatizing the horrors of death in modern warfare "Dulce et Decorum Est"
Williams' imagist poem depicting a farmyard scene with tools and chickens "The Red Wheelbarrow"
Archibald MacLeish poem defining poetry "Ars Poetica"
Ben Jonson's sonnet mourning the death of his son "On My First Son"
John Donne poem explaining to his wife why she should not cry when he leaves for a long trip "A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning"
The Frost poem depicting a difficult choice between equally attractive alternatives "The Road Not Taken"
a h umorous five-line poem with an aabba rhyme scheme limerick
Created by: mrsbear1024