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Rhetorical Devices

TermDefinition
Parallelism is similarity of structure in a pair or series of related words, phrases or clauses :“United there is little we cannot do in a host of cooperative ventures. Divided there is little we can do…”
Antithesis contrasting ideas, .“Ask not what you country can do for you, ask what you can do for your country.” “Let us never negotiate out of fear, but let us never fear to negotiate.” “We observe today not a victory of party but a celebration of freedom
Anastrophe is inversion of the natural or usual word order. This deviation can emphasize a point or it can just sound awkward. “Ask not” “Dare not”.....
Alliteration is the initial or medial consonants in two or more adjacent words. Used sparingly, alliteration provides emphasis. “Let us go forth to lead the land we love…” “Pay any price, bear any burden…” “its writ may run”
Assonance is the repetition of similar vowel sounds, preceded and followed by different consonants , …the steady spread of the deadly atom.”
Anaphora is the repetition of the same word or group of words at the beginning of successive clauses . “Let both sides…” “To those old allies… To those new states... To those people…”
Paradox is an apparently contradictory statement that nevertheless contains a measure of truth. ex:Only when our arms are sufficient beyond doubt can we be certain beyond doubt that they will never be employed.”
Consonance: repetition of consonant sounds within words or ending words whether it wishes us well or ill, that we shall…”
Metaphor: implied comparison through a figurative, not literal, use of words ―And if a beachhead of cooperation may push back the jungle of suspicion…‖ “the bonds of mass misery” “the chains of poverty”
Repetition: a word or phrase used two or more times in close proximity “For man holds in his mortal hands the power to abolish all forms of human poverty and all forms of human life.”
Using fear “For man holds in his mortal hands the power to abolish all forms of human poverty and all forms of human life.” “…its hour of maximum danger.” (scared?)
Using References to the Past “I have sworn before you and Almighty God the same solemn oath our forebears prescribed nearly a century and three-quarters ago.” “With a good conscience our only sure reward, with history the final judge of our deeds…”
Created by: cayden_chance21