Busy. Please wait.

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 

Username is available taken
show password


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Don't know
remaining cards
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

chapter 14

Crusades a series of wars carried out by European Christians to gain control of the Holy Land from their Muslim rulers
Holy Land region that included Jerusalem and the are around it, considered holy by Jews, Christians, and Muslims
Pope Urban II Roman Catholic pope from 1088 to 1099; he called on Christians to launch the First Crusade.
Saladin Muslim sultan and hero; he campaigned to drive the Christians from the Holy Land. He stopped an army of crusaders under Richard the Lion-Hearted of England.
Richard the Lion-Hearted King of England from 1189 to 1199; he fought in the Holy Land against Saladin during the Third Crusade. He eventually ceased fighting and returned to England.
Hanseatic League an organization of north-German cities and towns that organized and controlled trade throughout northern Europe from the 1200s through the 1400s
credit an arrangement by which a purchaser borrows money from a bank or other lender and agrees to pay it back over time
guilds associations of people who worked at the same craft or trade during the Middle Ages
apprentice a person who learns a skill under a master of the trade
journeyman a skilled worker who was paid wages by the master of a guild
gothic a style of church architecture developed during the 1100s characterized by tall spires and flying buttresses
flying buttress an arched stone support on the outside of buildings, which allows builders to construct higher walls
illumination the process of decorating a written manuscript with pictures or designs
Hildegard of Bingen Medieval nun and author; she wrote dozens of poems and music to accompany them.
troubadours traveling singers who entertained people during the Middle Ages
Geoffrey Chaucer English poet; he wrote The Canterbury Tales, 23 stories of pilgrims assembled at the Tabard Inn in Southwark.
Dante Alighieri Italian poet and humanist; he was the author of The Divine Comedy, one of the greatest literary classics.
Thomas Aquinas Italian philosopher and theologian; he argued that rational thought could be used to support Roman Catholic belief.
Scholasticism in the Middle Ages, the theological and philosophical school of thought that attempted to reconcile faith and reason
heresy an opinion that goes against the teachings of a church
Inquisition institution of the Roman Catholic Church that sought to eliminate heresy by seeking out and punishing heretics; especially active in Spain in the later 1400s and 1500s
friars members of certain Roman Catholic religious orders; first prominent in the Europe of the late Middle Ages; preached in towns.
Hundred Years' War Series of campaigns over control of the throne of France, involving English and French royal families and French noble families.
Joan of Arc French soldier and national heroine; she rallied the French troops during the Hundred Years' War and was burned at the stake for heresy.
War of the Roses civil war for the English crown between the York (white rose) and Lancaster (red rose) families
Henry VII King of England; he was the first king from the house of Tudor; his defeat of Richard III and his assumption of the throne marked the end of the Wars of the Roses and the beginning of a new era in England's history.
Black Death a terrible outbreak of bubonic plague that swept through Europe, beginning in 1347
Created by: $jay$