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CIW Lesson 5 Vocab

CIW Lesson 5 Vocab for UCertify

TermDefinition
ActiveX An open set of technologies for integrating components on the Internet and within Microsoft applications.
applets Small programs written in Java, which are downloaded as needed and executed within a Web page or browser.
AU Audio file format used by Unix servers, the majority of Web servers. Most Web browsers can read AU.
Audio Interchange File Format (AIFF) High-quality audio format developed by Apple Computer.
Audio Video Interleave (AVI) Standard Windows file format for video files.
cascading style sheets (CSS) Style sheet language that provides the formatting and "look" of a Web page or document written in a markup language.
codec A compression/ decompression algorithm used by modern video and audio player plug-ins.
disk cache Storage space on a computer hard disk used to temporarily store downloaded data.
dynamic Always changing.
Encapsulated PostScript File format used for importing and exporting graphics.
event-driven Reacting to particular user actions or the browser's completion of a specific task.
geolocation An HTML5 application programming interface that allows developers to retrieve the geographical location information for a client-side device.
Graphics Interchange Format (GIF) A graphical image file format commonly used in HTML documents.
interactive The characteristic of some hardware and software, such as computers, games and multimedia systems, that allows them to respond differently based on a user's actions.
Java An object-oriented programming language developed by Sun Microsystems that is fully cross-platform functional.
Joint Photographic Experts Group (JPEG) A graphical image file format commonly used for photographs.
LiveScript The Netscape-developed scripting language that was the predecessor to JavaScript.
lossless compression A type of data file compression in which all original data can be recovered when the file is decompressed.
lossy compression A type of data file compression in which some file information is permanently eliminated.
Moving Pictures Experts Group (MPEG) High-quality audio and video file compression format.
MPEG-1 Audio Layer3 (MP3) Popular compression standard for audio files; retains most of the sound quality of the source.
Musical Instrument Digital Interface (MIDI) A standard computer interface for creating and playing electronic music. It allows computers to re-create music in digital format for playback.
object An element on a Web page that contains data and procedures for how that item will react when activated. On a Web page, an object is typically a multimedia presentation.
object-oriented programing (OOP) Programming concept based on objects and data and how they relate to one another, instead of logic and actions; C++ and Java are OOP languages.
Ogg Vorbis (.ogg) A free, open-source alternative to the MP3 compression format for audio files; creates smaller, faster downloading files.
plug-in A program installed in the browser to extend its basic functionality. Allows different file formats to be viewed as part of a standard HTML document.
Portable Document Folder (PDF) A file format that can be transferred across platforms and retain its formatting; designated by the file name extension .pdf.
Portable Network Graphics (PNG) An open source graphical image file format created to replace GIFs.
QuickTime A plug-in developed by Apple Computer for storing movie and audio files in digital format.
QuickTime Movie (MOV) Standard file format for Apple QuickTime; uses the .mov, .moov or .qt file name extension.
Rich Text Format (RTF) Portable text file format created by Microsoft that allows image insertion and text formatting; an almost universal format.
streaming media A continuous flow of data, usually audio or video files, that assists with the uninterrupted delivery of those files into a browser.
Tagged Image File Format (TIFF) Commonly used graphic file format, developed by Aldus Corporation; uses the .tif or .tiff file name extension.
vector graphics Resizable images that are saved as a sequence of vector statements, which describes a series of points to be connected.
viewer A scaled-down version of an application; designed to view and print files.
Visual Basic The Microsoft graphical user interface (GUI) programming language used for developing Windows applications. A modified version of the BASIC programming language.
Visual Basic Script (VBScript) Scripting language from Microsoft derived from Visual Basic; used to manipulate ActiveX scripts.
Waveform (WAV) Windows standard format for audio files.
WebP An open-source image file format that provides lossless and lossy compression for images on the Web.
Created by: cc1685