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"Insectivores"

Clades Afrotheria, Euarchonta, Lipotyphla

QuestionAnswer
Clade _______. Family Macroscelidae. Afrotheria
Clade _______. Families Scandentia and Dermoptera. Euarchonta
Clade _______. Order Soricomorpha and Erinaceomorpha. Lipotyphla
True/False. Insectivore teeth are often rooted. True
True/False. Insectivores share a variety of pelage. False. Pelage is often simply guard hairs or spines.
Jugal bone is _______. Reduced
Zalambdodont V-shaped occlusal surface on teeth.
Dilambdodont W-shaped occlusal surface on teeth.
Tenrecs Family Tenrecidae
Otter Shrews Family Potamogalidae
True/False. The common tenrec has one of the largest litter sizes of any mammal (<32 young/litter). True
True/False. The giant otter shrew is the largest extant "insectivore", feeding on freshwater crabs, fish, amphibians, and molluscs. True
Golden Moles Family Chrysochloridae
True/False. Considered a "sand swimmer", the Grant's golden mole depends on an advanced sense of smell to locate insects. False. It depends large auditory ossicles to sense vibrations through the sand.
Elephant Shrews Family Macroscelididae
True/False. Elephant shrews are territorial and strongly cursorial. Because of this, young are born precocial. True
Zalambdodont Tenrecs
Dilambdodont Elephant Shrews
Pen-Tailed Treeshrews Family Ptrilocercidae
Treeshrews Family Tupaiidae
Colugos Family Cynocephalidae
True/False. Nicknamed the "flying lemur", colugos reside in southeast Asia and are considered premier gliders (glissant). True
Pectinate Comb-like teeth with 5-20 prongs extending from a single root. The first two incisors are pectinate. Unique to Dermoptera.
The largest family of "insectivores". Soricidae
Solenodons Family Solenodontidae
Unlike most "insectivores", this family is native to the Dominican Republic and Haiti. Solenodons
Shrews Family Soricidae
True/False. Unlike many other insectivores capable of tupor, shrews have a high metabolic activity that requires them to eat frequently. True
Moles and Desmons Family Talpidae
Hedgehogs and Moon Rats Family Erinaceidae
Family Tenrecidae, Potamogalidae, Chrysochloridae Order Tenrecoidea
Family Macroscelididae Order Macroscelidea
Family Ptiloscercidae, Tupaiidae Order Scandentia
Family Cyonephalidae Order Dermoptera
Family Solenodontidae Order Solenodonta
Family Soricidae, Talpidae Order Soricomorpha
Family Erinaceidae Order Erinaceomorpha
Created by: bettafische