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2.01 Key Terms


Inches Standard unit of measurement for united sates and us standard size paper Standard for most printers, resumes, and other common documents Works well when defining document sizes for print, it what is most comfortable with.
Pixels The most common unit of measurement for computer screen display. Generally represented by a dot that is illuminated on a computer screen. Precise measurement system for web-design, and it lack flexibility as screen size change.
Points The standard unit of measurement for typefaces. 1 point represent 1/72 of an inch. Therefore, text formatted with a font size of 72 pint is 1 inch. Standard size for print paragraph = 12 pt
Picas One pica equals 1/7 of an inch. Six picas per inch. Often used in print design, since it is easily divisible. Picas work well when applying the rule of thirds
Em space space that only take up half a point size.
Percentage percentage of color
Resolution measure of the amount of details is stored in a digital image. Higher resolution = higher quality, low resolution mean lower quality.
PPI Pixels per inch. Higher the ppi the better quality, higher the ppi the larger file size.
On-screen Resolution low resolution devices most display 72 ppi. Additional image resolution will increase file size without affecting display quality
Print Resolution resolution at which printers can print is measure in dots per inch dpi. Printers are high resolution devices and require high resolution in order to print image clearly without pixilation or blurriness
RGB assign a intensity value to each pixel, 0-255 for each of the red, green and blue components in a image. On screen displays are represented by rgb which is best for images on a monitor or webpage.
CMYK assign a percentage value of each of the process ink, cyan, yellow and black. If all percentage are 0 you get white and if all percentage is 100 you get black. Image should be converted to cmyk before exporting for images that will be sent to print.
Aspect Ratio Relationship of an object width and height, to assure proper portions when creating new file, cropping or making selection. Maintaining aspect ratio when modifying a object ensure the object is not distorted
Cropping Cutting out a part of a image. Original image retain same file size, cut image can be saved as a new object
Layering Compiling multiple pictures or objects together into one image, layers can bet urn on or off, elements can be color, layered and resized individually.
Selections Identifying a specific area of a layer or image that allow you to move or apply technique to only that specific area on that layer
Transforming Changing a graphic size or dimension through commands such as scaling and rotation- scaling enlarging or shrinking a graphic, rotating- pivoting an object around its center point.
Layer Styles One or more effect applied to a layer or layer group. Effect include shadow, stroke, glow bevels and overlays.
Layer Masks A non-destructive method which allow you to apply transparency to a specific portion of a layer with precise control.
Transparency Removing the background color of a RASTER image, making it see through in order to allow the image to behind into it’s background
Fill Putting a color, gradients, pattern, or texture into an object or area.
Gradient Filling a object with a smooth transition from one color to another
Adjustment Layers Non-destructive layers that can be added to allow you to apply image tonal and color adjustment
Filters Used to apply special effect to an image that would be too difficult to add manually
Clone Stamp Sample and area of an image and then allow you to paint over another area of the image with the sample area.
Blend Modes Changes the way layer interact by determining how a layer will behind with the layers below it
Created by: mtdang21



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