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lower leg

QuestionAnswer
What type of fracture is most commonly found in the distal tibia, fibula shaft, and lateral malleolus Stress Fracture
What is a prevention for stress fractures? proper footwear and proper biomechanics
A severe contusion to the lower leg can result in excessive swelling and eventual neurovascular compromise. True
Traumatic Compartment Syndrome pressure within a muscle compartment increase to the point of neurovascular compromise
An Achilles tendon rupture can result from sudden, violent ______ during ______ loading in full weight bearing. plantarflextion, eccentric
A patient who suffers from prolonged plantar fasciitis may develop what secondary problem? Heel spur
Signs and symptoms of an anterior compartment syndrome include severe pain, motor function loss over the distribution of the deep peroneal nerve, reduced blood flow due to the elevation of the limb
An athlete with rearfoot varus is likely to develop what chronic injury? plantar fasciitis and medial tibial stress syndrome
What is the key sign to major dysfunction with traumatic compartment syndrome drop foot
Which of the following tests examines the integrity of the Achilles tendon? Thompson test/Gastro Squeeze test
Morton’s test identifies a ________________. neuroma
Athlete reports feeling kicked or shot in the calf/achilles tendon S&S of a ruptured achilles
Pain, paraesthesia, pale skin, pulse decrease, paralysis, warm skin, and weakness in great toe extension and dorsiflexion are S&S for what? Traumatic compartment syndrome
Pott Compression Test squeeze tibia and fibula with both hands looking for significant pain
In open chain pronation results from _________. eversion dorsiflexion and abduction
In open chain supination results from_________. inversion, plantar flexion and adduction
At what joint(s) does inversion and eversion occur? subtalar and transverse tarsal joints
Compression is contraindicated in traumatic compartment syndrome True
What is the key point with all compartment syndromes early recognition
What is the MOI for Chronic Extertional Compartment Syndrome? overuse, hypertrophy, and swelling from inflammation
What are some secondary S&S of Chronic Extertional Compartment Syndrome? muscular fatigue, heaviness within the compartment, decrease dorsiflexion and muscle function
What is tarsal tunnel? compression of the tibial nerve
The tarsal tunnel is why type of component? fibroosseous, inelastic
What forms the tarsal tunnel? talus, calcaneous, and flexor retinaculum.
What runs through the tarsal tunnel? tibial nerve, tibialis posterior, and FDL
S&S of tarsal tunnel are P! w numbness and tingling in arch that can radiate up the medial ankle, foot fatigue, burning of the plantar surface of toes, and inversion weakness
Where is pain usually located with Morton's Neuorma? between the 2nd and 3rd metatarsals, at top of the foot
Inflammation of deep vein and associated with a blood clot Deep Vein Thrombosis
S&S of DVT vague, dull ache in posterior calf, + Homan's sign, decrease or absent pedal pulse
Tinel's Sign identifies nerve pathology usually compression or entrapment, + sign = paresthisia or tingling
Pott's Fracture foot is forcibly everted, causing a fraction of the medial malleolus and a shear fx lateral malleolus or distal fibula
The body responds to inflammation by laying down additional scar tissue Tendonitis
A forceful or sudden plantarflexion during eccentric loading of the muscle describe what MOI ruptured achilles tendon
Created by: apage