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Figurative Language

figurative language

poetry a type of literature in which words are carefully chosen and arranged to create certain effects.
form The way a poem looks on the page.
line A single word, phrase, or sentence within a poem.
stanza Groups of lines of poetry.
rhyme The repetition of sounds at the ends of words. Examples: cat/hat fancy/Nancy
rhyme scheme A pattern of rhyme based on the rhyming sounds at the end of each line. (Examples: abab; aabb)
rhythm The beat you hear as you read a poem aloud. It is affected by which syllables are stressed and which are unstressed.
repetition The use of a word, phrase, sound, or line more than once.
alliteration The repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words that are close together.
assonance The repetition of vowel sounds in words that are close together.
onomatopoeia The use of words whose sounds echo their meaning. Examples: buzz, whisper, murmur
imagery Words and phrases that appeal to a reader’s five senses. They help the reader imagine how things look, feel, smell, sound, and taste.
simile A comparison of two unlike things using the words like or as. Example: His eyes sparkled like diamonds.
metaphor A comparison of two unlike things that does NOT use the words like or as, but states it as though it were a fact. Example: He was a tornado, blasting through the other team.
personification A description of an object, animal, or idea as if it were human or had human qualities. Example: The tree waved.
hyperbole Exaggeration.
theme The message or lesson about life or human nature that the writer shares with the reader.
symbol A person, place, object, or activity that stands for something beyond itself. Example: A white dove is a bird that symbolizes peace.
tone The writer’s attitude toward his or her subject.
mood The feeling or atmosphere that a writer creates for the reader.
prose Ordinary Writing; not poetry.
lyric poetry A type of poetry that focuses on the thoughts or feelings of a single speaker.
narrative poetry A type of poetry that tells a story.
speaker The voice in the poem that “talks” to the readers.
Created by: ledee.workman