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Fiction Study Guide

TermDefinition
plot the series of events related to a central conflict
exposition introduction to the story, setting, and characters and gives background information
rising action conflict is developing and intensifying
climax the high point of interest or suspense
falling action events after the climax
resolution the point at which the central conflict is ended or resolved
conflict the struggle for a character (can be internal or external)
3 different forms of conflict person vs person, person vs nature, and person vs society
flashback when an event that occurred earlier is presented
forshadowing when writers present hints or clues to events that will occur later in a story
point of view the perspective from which a story is told
first person POV narrator uses "I" or "we"
second person POV narrator uses "you" and addresses the reader directly
third person limited POV insight into the mind of only the narrator or one other character
third person omniscient POV reveals the thoughts of all or most characters to the reader
narrator character or speaker who tells a story
character an individual who takes part in the action of a literary work
protagonist the main character; has the central role in a story
antagonist the person/thing working against the protagonist (can be a person or some sort of conflict)
round and flat characters round- shows emotional complexity and development flat- exhibit a single quality
static and dynamic characters static- remain the same throughout the story dynamic- affected by plot events and can change
characterization the act of creating or describing a character
motivation the force(s) that drive a character to think feel, or behave in a certain way
dialogue conversations between 2 or more characters
dialect the way characters might speak (accents and different languages)
indirect and direct characterization indirect- showing what characters say, do, or think and showing what other characters say or think about them direct- describing the physical features, dress, and personalities of the characters
setting the time and place where the story happens
5 types of sensory details sight, sound, taste, smell, touch
mood the emotion created in the reader by part or all of a story
theme the central idea in a literary work
symbol anything that stands for or represents both itself and something else
stated and implied themes stated- theme is directly stated implied- theme must be searched for and thought about
Created by: RJEstes