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Rama the Steadfast

for our LIT 127.1 Quiz #2!

QuestionAnswer
Ramayana belongs in what diverse category of early literature: anonymous
The term "epic" can justifiably be applied only to which text: Mahabharata or Ramayana (in its later developed form)? Ramayana
Ramayana, in terms of Western literary terms, can be classified as __________. heroic romance
The Prince was supported in his adventures by his squire who is also his: younger brother
Ramayana is the Prince's struggle of ______ and _______. integrity and happiness
Ramayana is a struggle of how many men? one man
Ramayana, in Indian tradition, is an ________. adikavya
Adikavya means "the first poetic work" or "the first work or pure literature"
Mahabharata, in Indian tradition, is an ______. itihasa
Itihasa means "thus indeed this was" or "history"
A copy of Rama’s story is kept in an _________. honored place
The presence of a Mahabharata text is regarded as ________. unlucky
It is a form of popular dramatic presentation analogous to the Western medieval mystery plays. Ramlila
The _____ story has been in a constant state of re-creation. Rama story
Rama is what part of the varna. Ksatriya (aristocratic warrior)
Rama is an ________ of Vishnu. avatara
The author might be a male or female? Male
The author might have lived in central ______. Ganga basin/Ganges
What is the effective limit of the poets’ knowledge at this time? Vindhyas - the east-west chain of mountains dividing northern India off from the peninsula
Women have lesser or greater freedom in this text. Greater (although superficially)
Messages in these times are relayed ______________. orally
Recognition tokens work as to confirm a messenger's ______. credentials
The plant with the greatest prestige. Lotus
Beautiful faces: _______; eyes: ______. lotus; lotus petals (in shape)
Growth from the slime of the pond and its flowers' ability to shed water: _________________. triumph of purity over impurity
Rama fought with horse-drawn chariots, or on foot? on foot
Rama is eventually supplied with horse-drawn chariots by ________ to fight his enemy in nearly equal terms. supernatural means
Religious patterns of early Ramayana: _______ that are based on sacrifice leading to __________. older pattern of deities and of rituals; heaven
Ramayana's patterns are not the newer patterns of _______, leading to _______. worship; liberation (moksa)
Gods mentioned here are those of _______ pantheon. Vedic
Leader of the gods and the performer of various heroic deed. Indra
King of the Dead Yama
Lord of the Ocean Varuna
Hermits that continue to practice simple rituals and accompanied by their wives vanaprastha
Renunciant ascetics who have abandoned all links with society samnyasins
The poet speaks a distinct dialect of ______. Sanskrit
The poet seems to be of what varna. ksatriya
The old pattern of worship untouched by heterodox trends will soon result in the emergence of ___________. Buddhism and Jainism
Does the poet know Mahabharata or not? No
Eulogies of heroes and cycle of stories about warrior exploits are composed by _________. Bards (sutas)
Sutas were attached to the courts of ____________ and recited glorious deeds of their lords for ____________. chieftains; entertainment
Sutas had first-hand experience of the kind of events they described. True or false? True
Sutas acted as charioteers to their masters. True or false? True
Parallelism of structure: parallelism of _____ theme
The standard narrative metre sloka
Four of these comprise the standard narrative metre and are non-rhyming verses padas (quarters)
Padas have how many syllables each, and are grouped in what? 8 and in pairs
Verses are grouped into what units that vary in length sargas
sargas are grouped into this unit that varies between about sixty and a hundred sargas long kandas (books)
In Ramayana's fully developed form, the poem comprises of how many kandas. 7
The use of _______ conforms to the pattern common in oral, improvised poetry which also helps the reciter in remembering his/her lines. formulae (standard phrases)
Symbolic of the forces of power, swiftness, and destruction elephants
Symbols of strength and are formulae to express the idea of excellence bulls, elephants, tigers (BET)
Symbol that is usually given a degree of personality or even deified mountain
Symbol that is usually towering, black, fearful monsoon thunderclouds with torrential often destructive, rain cloud
word for "ten millions" Crore
Other name for Raksasas (monsters) Paulastyas
Army of monkeys Vanaras
king of Ayodhya Dasaratha (also called Kakutstha, the Raghava, the Maharaja (KaRaMa))
senior queen to Dasaratha; mother of Rama Kausalya
junior queen to Dasaratha; mother of Bharata; daughter of King Asvapati of Kekaya. Kaikeyi
junior queen to Dasaratha; mother of Laksmana and Satrughna Sumitra
son of Dasaratha and Kausalya; husband of Sita Rama (also called Dasarathi, pride of the Iksvakus, Kakutstha, pride of the Raghus, the Raghava)
wife of Rama; daughter of King Janaka of Mithila Sita (also called Janaki, Maithili, Vaidehi)
elder son of Dasaratha and Sumitra; Rama’s companion Laksmana (also called Dasarathi, Saumitri, Kakutstha, pride of the Raghus, the Raghava)
son of Dasaratha and Kaikeyi Bharata (also called Kaikeyi’s son, pride of the Iksvakus, Kakutstha, the Raghava)
younger son of Dasaratha and Sumitra; Bharata’s companion Satrughna
charioteer to Dasaratha Sumantra
king of Kiskindha; husband of Ruma Sugriva
elder brother of Sugriva; husband of Tara; father of Angada Valin
son of Valin and Tara Angada
wife of Valin; daughter of Susena; mother of Angada Tara
monkey captain; Kesarin’s eldest son; celebrated as a Son of the Wind Hanuman
king of Lanka; son of Visravas Ravana (also called Dasagriva)
four of Ravana’s full brothers Dusana, Khara, Kumbhakarna, Vibhisana (DuKhaKumVi)
Ravana and his brothers' sister Surpanakha
their dispossessed elder half-brother Vaisravana (also called Naravahana, Kubera)
wife of Ravana Mandodari
son of Ravana Indrajit (also called Ravani)
The conditions of the boon: _________ years I am to live in _________ forest and my father has to install her [Kaikeyi's] ________ as Young King". 14; Bharata
The story of Dasaratha's ancestor: ______ disinherited his eldest son ________, who was mad. Sagara; Asmanja
_________ was the aged minister who explained the full narrative of Sagara and Asmañja. Siddharta
Rama and company FIRST reach the bank of ________. Tamasa
What is the next stop after the bank of Tamasa? Ganga
In Ganga, Rama and company met ________, the chief of ______ tribe and friend of Rama. Guha; Nisada
What is the first hermitage? Bharadvaja's hermitage
Bharadvaja would tell about _______, a mountain that would be their FIRST home. Citrakuta
Notable imagery in Bharata's dream of his father. sesame oil, and a chariot being drawn by donkeys
The hunchback who caused Rama to be sent to the forest. Manthara
Word for "the first born son is the heir" Primogeniture
The sage in the story. Vasistha
Symbolic gesture conferring sovereignty: _______ having Rama place his feet on gold-ornamented ________. Bharata; sandals
Rama moves, and meets another sage _______ and his wife, _______. Atri; Anasuya
A group of sages ask Rama to save them from ___________, raksasas
Twice-born refers to sages
Second hermitage Sutiksna's hermitage
Third hermitage Agatsya (holiest of sages)
Agatsya suggested a new home for Rama in Pancavati
Sister to Ravana that lusts after Rama Surpanakha
Brother to Ravana Khara
Khara's general Dusana
Residence of Ravana brothers Janasthana
a raksasa general in Khara's army Trisiras
a raksasa wearing the garments of an ascetic Marica
the golden deer who lures Rama away Marica
King of Vultures Jatayus
a raksasa with no head or neck but a face in his belly; cursed to have this form Kabandha
Fourth hermitage Sabari's hermitage, the Perfected Woman
In Kiskindha, _______ and ___________ enter. Sugriva; Hanuman
______ dies in Kiskindha. Valin
son of Valin Angada
________ nearly forgets his promise Sugriva
guardian of Hema's residence Svayamprabha
the cave Hanuman and his troops stumble Hema's residence
Jatayus' brother with burnt wings and also reveals the location of Ravana Sampati
In Beauty, Hanuman leaps to _______ Lanka
Hanuman gives Rama ____________ the Peerless Pearl of Sita
In Beauty, Hanuman meets _______ Sita
In war, ___________ takes refuge with Rama. Vibhisana
the son of Visvakarman and is permitted by the Ocean to build a causeway to Lanka Nala
the father of Tara Susena
the sacred plant that frees from pain Visalya
Two mountain herbs: _______ the divine, and the ________ god created Samjivakarani; Visalya
son of their Vinata Garuda
Indrajit is slain by _________ Laksamana
charioteer of Indra Matali
The god and their aspects: _____: fervor Agni
The god and their aspects: _____: heroism Indra
The god and their aspects: _____:gentleness Soma
The god and their aspects: _____:compulsion Yama
The god and their aspects: _____: mercy Varuna
son of Indra Valin
a raksasa who is an expert in powerful magic Vidyujjihava
king of bears Jambavan
the monkey Sarabha
Susena's heirs: __________ and _________ Mainda and Dvivida
Vinata's son; king of Birds Garuda
Kumbhakarma's son Nikumbha
son of Khara Makaraksa
charioteer of Indra Matali
First Kanda Bala Kanda
Second Kanda Ayodhya Kanda
Third and Forest Kanda Aranya Kanda
Fourth Kanda and the Kingdom of Monkeys Kiskindha Kanda
Fifth and Beauty Kanda Sundara Kanda
Sixth and War Kanda Yuddha Kanda
Seventh Kanda Uttara Kanda
Writer of Ramayana; the "first poet" Valmiki
# of verses of Ramayana 24,000
the "original poem" Ramayana
Ramayana is a response to Valmiki's question about who in the world is a perfect man. True or false? True
__________ outlines the story of the hero Rama, whose wife was abducted by a demon king. Narada
Brooding on the sad tale, Valmiki goes for a walk along the banks of the ________ and sees a pair of _____. Tamasa River; herons
Valmiki was moved to intense compassion by grief and uttered inspired words in lyric verse, in the form of a ______. couplet (the beginning of sloka)
Ramayana blends historical _____, nature _______, morality __________, and religious _______. saga, myth, tale, mythology
Ramayana is associated with the line of _____ kings who ruled the kingdom of Kosala in the Ganges Valley. Iksvaku
Kandas that form a frame or the central narrative, introducing and completeing the story of Rama as a divine incarnation or avatara Bala and Uttara
Rama is an ________ of Visnu Avatara
Boook _ to _ were formed by legends surrounding the Iksvaku royal house and the adventures of Rama 2 to 6
king of Raksasas who obtained a boon (gift) of invulnerability to gods and other superhuman beings who combat him Ravana
evil demons who continually threaten dharma in the world Raksasas
The gods persuade ______, the great god whose function is to preserve dharma in the universe, to incarnate himself as a man to destroy Ravana Visnu
the paragon of princely virtues senior queen Kausalya
sons born at the same time to Dasaratha’s two younger queens that share in Visnu's divine essence Bharata, and twins Laksamana and Satrughna
As youths, Rama and Laksamana travel to ______ Mithila
Rama wins the princess Sita by besting other suitors in a contest to bend a ___________ magical bow
What does "Sita" mean? furrow
the daughter of goddess Earth, but has been brought up by King Janaka Sita
Kanda that centers on Prince Rama's disinheritance Ayodhya (2nd)
got jealous which was aroused by the counsel of a hunchback maidservant Queen Kaikeyi
Queen Kaikeyi wants to place her own son, ______, on the throne Bharata
# of years Queen Kaikeyi wants Rama to spend in exile in the forest 14
The King owes Queen Kaikeyi____ favors of her choice because of a promise he made to her in the past 2
In his exile and Bharata becoming king, Rama is voluntarily joined by ___ and __________ Sita and Laksamana
The king dies of a ________ broken heart
Rama puts to rout the____ that infest the forest and Ravana vows revenge raksasas
Ravana uses a _______ to lure Rama and Laksamana away from their forest home magic deer
Ravana kidnaps _____ in his flying chariot Sita
Rama forms an alliance with the monkey chief, _______ Sugriva
Sugriva helps finding Sita by sending out a horde of monkeys because Rama helped kill his powerful brother ______ who unfairly seized his kingdom Vali
_______, powerful ape whose father is the wind god, goes to the island kingdom of _____ and finds Sita to be a prisoner in Ravana’s pleasure grove Hanuman; Lanka
Hanuman consoles her, wreaks havoc in Lanka, returns to report to Rama, builds a _____, and then leads a monkey army to attack Ravana’s rich city bridge
Rama kills ___ and liberates Sita Ravana
Sita proves her chastity in ordeal by _______ fire
the hero returns with her and Laksamana to ______ where he is crowned Ayodhya
King Rama abandons Sita to a life in the forest because of a public scandal concerning her chastity during her captivity. True or false? True
Sita takes refuge in the hermitage of the poet sage ______ on a bank of the Ganges river Valmiki
Sita gives birth to Rama's twin sons: _____ and ____ Lava; Kusa
Twins learn the saga of Rama and then sing in their father’s court and Rama doesn't ask Sita to come back to him on hearing the story. True or false? False (he asks Sita to come back)
Rama continues his rule until it is time for him to end his incarnation as a mortal. True or false? True
Throughout the drama of Ayodhya, Rama teaches the ways of right action according to _______. dharma
In accepting his exile, it is an act honoring dharma and therefore of cosmic significant and requiring the highest moral courage. True or False? True
It is precisely Rama’s act of ________ that makes him fit for kinship. sannyasa (renunciation)
In the broader context of Indian civilization only Rama’s heroism combines the strong sense of ____ and _______ to social responsibility demanded of the ideal king. duty; dedication
Famous person whose personal hero is Rama. Mahatma Gandhi
Sita’s role as the exemplar for women is focused solely on her conduct as ___. wife
the magical bow to be bent in order to win Sita's hand in marriage is of whose lord
Shiva
Agastya gave Rama this weapon: ________. Bows of Lord Visnu and quiver that will never run out of arrows
Created by: samdmngo