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Vocabulary Terms for Unit

ASCII Coding system that computers of all types and brands can translate.
Application Sofware Also called productivity software; helps you perform a specific talk, such as word processing or spreadsheets.
Bit In binar, a bit represents a zero or one.
Byte In another word for character; generally represented by eight bits.
CPU Also known as the microprocessor; the brains of the computer.
Computer Electronic device that receives data, processes data, stores data, and produces a result.
File extension The part of a filename that comes after the period called a "dot".
File Name The name assinged for identification.
Folder A way to organize files into manageable groups.
GUIs Operating systems with graphical symbols representing files, programs, and documents.
Hardware The tangible, physical equipment that can be seen and touched.
Icons Graphic images or symbbols that represent applications (programs), files, disk drives, documents, embedded objects, or linked.
Input Devices Enable the user to input data and commands into the computer.
Mainframe Computers Large, powerful computers that are used for centralized storage, processing, and management of very large amounts of data.
Maximize To enlarge a window on the computer to fill the computer screen.
Menu bar The horizontal bar near the top of a window that lists the different types of menus to choose from when working with documents.
Microcomputer Sometimes called a personal computer; used at home or at the office by one person; can fit on top of or under a desk.
Microprocessor An integrated circiut silicon chip that contains the processing unit for a computer or a computerized appliance.
MS-DOS Originally introduced with the IBM PC in 1981.
Minicomputer Type of computer that is designed to serve multiple users and process significant amounts of data; larger than a microcomputer, but smaller than a mainframe.
Minimize To reduce a window on the screen to a button on the taskbar.
Motherboard A circuit board that contains all of the computer system's main components.
Network Connects one computer to other computers and peripheral devices.
Operating systems Systems software that provide an interface between the user or application program and the computer hardware.
Output devices Enable the computer to give you the results of the processed data.
Plug and play Technology that allows a hardware component ot be attached to a computer so that it is automatically configured by the operating system.
RAM Where instructions and data are stored on a temporary basis; this memory is volatile
ROM Permanent storage; instructions are burned onto chips by the manufacturer.
Restore To return a maximized or minimized window to its previous size.
Scroll bar Band on the right side or bottom of a window that you click to bring different parts of a document into view.
Software Intangible set of instructions that tell the computer what to do.
Supercomputers Largest and fastest computers, capable of storing and processing tremendous volumes of data.
Systems software A group of programs that coordinate and control the resource and operations of a computer system.
Task bar The horizontal band at the bottom of the desktop that includes the Start Button, minimized window buttons, and a row of icons usually related to input and output devices.
Technology The application of scintific discoveries to the production of goods and services that improve the human environment.
Title bar The horizontal band in a window that displays the name of the program, data file, or another type of window.
Toolbar A band near the top of a window that has groups' icons or buttons that will execute certain commands when clicked.
Created by: Keegan.Guthrie



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