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Kidneys

QuestionAnswer
What are some common symptoms of kidney disease? Fatigue, puffy eyes, swollen face, ankles, and feet. Foamy urine, pink or dark urine (blood in urine). Increased thirst, and painful urination
What are some predisposing factors of kidney disease? Obesity, pregnancy, age (>60). Obstruction, such as kidney stones. Diabetes, high blood pressure, and heart disease. Race, Prolonged used of NSAID's, Catheterization, instrumentation (stints)
What tests are used to determine kidney function? Microalbumin, creatinine, glomerular filtration rate, IV pyelogram
What can an IV pyelogram diagnose? Anatomical defects, loss of renal parenchyma, obstructive lesions
What are some functions of the kidney? Regulate body fluids, activate vitamin D, filtration. Release erythropoietin, aldosterone and ADH. Helps balance electrolytes