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7th 8th Comp Vocab

7th/8th Comp Vocab

BAUD The speed that a modem can send information. (The baud rate of a modem is how many bits it can send or receive per second.)
Computer Technology The study and design of a computer.
Link A connection to another location on the Internet, usually underlined in the text requiring simply a mouse click to be connected.
Memory The temporary storage space in the computer as opposed to the permanent storage space on the hard drive.
DOS (Disk Operating System) Usually refers to IBM PC compatible computers.
RAM (Random Access Memory) Temporary memory used while the computer is turned on which will disappear when it is turned off.
ROM (Read Only Memory) Information (commands) stored right onto the chip or disk and usually cannot be altered.
BIT (Binary DigIT) The smallest unit of computerized data.
Byte A set of Bits that represent a single character. Usually there are 8 Bits in a Byte.
KB, Kilobyte 1000 or 1024 bytes.
MB, Megabyte A million bytes.
GB, Gigabyte 1000 or 1024 Megabytes.
Graphic An electronic picture.
Menu A displayed list of commands or options from which to choose.
Cursor The blinking mark indicating your position on the screen.
Database A collection of information stored in computerized form.
Default The automatic settings or decisions already made for you by the computer or software program.
Desktop The background on your screen when using a windows type of program.
Drag Moving an object from one place on the screen to another by use of a mouse.
Operating System A group of programs that help a computer function smoothly.
Password A code used to gain access to a locked system.
CPU (Central Processing Unit) The “brains” of a computer.
CD ROM (Compact Disk-Read Only Memory) A disc which holds between 650-900 megabytes of information.
Keyboard The piece of input hardware that has keys like a typewriter.
Keyboarding The skill of keying information into a computer.
Printer A device that takes the text and images sent from the computer and presents them on paper.
Laser Printer A printer which produces documents that uses a laser to give it a more professional look.
Hardware Parts of a computer such as keyboard, hard drive, monitor, etc.
Modem (Modulator, DEModulator) A device that allows communication with other computers.
Monitor Another word for computer screen.
Mouse The small device that manipulates the pointer or cursor on the screen.
PC (Personal Computer) Designed to be used by an individual person.
Scanner A device that takes a picture of an image and digitizes it in order to transfer it to the computer.
Terminal A screen and keyboard which is connected to a main computer.
Browser Software that allows you to view the various resources available on the Internet.
Download The process of saving something off the Internet to your computer.
Upload To save something from your computer to the Internet such as a Web page.
E-mail (Electronic mail) The electronic version of sending a letter.
FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions) A common choice on many Web Pages.
Home Page The main or first web page for a business, organization, or person on the World Wide Web.
Domain Name The unique way in which Internet addresses are organized.
Net Short for “internet”.
Netiquette Proper conduct on the Internet.
Network Any time two or more computers are connected so that they can share resources.
Online Communicating with other computers through a modem or network.
Server A computer which “serves” out information. Almost any type of computer you connect to on the Internet is considered a server.
HTML HyperTextMarkupLanguage A language used to fprmat web pages on the Internet
HTTP HyperTextTransferProtocol The computer language standard for the WWW.
Interface A connection between two items so they can work together.
Internet A system of linked computers.
ISP (Internet Service Provider) A service that provides an Internet account and access.
WWW (World Wide Web) Refers to the expanse of Hypertexted based servers which is the whole constellation of resources that can be accessed through these servers.
CAD Computer aided design software that makes two and three dimensional drawings and blueprints. Used commonly for drafting and designing.
Desktop Publishing The process of creating printed documents that look professionally produced.
Multimedia A computer presentation that involves other forms of technology such as still photos, videos, animation, etc.
Software Applications (usually on disks) which when loaded on the computer allows the user to perform innumerable functions and tasks.
Font A type set of one size and style.
Icons Little pictures on the screen which represent files or other computer applications.
Spreadsheet Program Software program for financial or related information processing composed of rows and columns.
Import To bring information from one document or computer screen into another document.
Interactive A program, game, or presentation where the user has some control over what is going on.
Word Processor Software applications that allow the user to type documents with a variety of tools to make work time easier and more efficient.
Word Processing The use of a computer to create, edit, format, and/or print text.
Upgrade To choose newer, more powerful packages of either hardware or software for the computer.
Computer Abuse Unethical and/or unlawful use of a computer to access, alter, or copy data and software.
Hacker A computer enthusiast who is willing to “hack” away at understanding the computer for long periods of time. (This has gained a negative meaning when knowledge is used to gain illegal entry into files and systems.)
Crash A term indicating what happens when a computer stops working suddenly or the system breaks down.
Troubleshooting Solving computer malfunctions.
Virus A software program designed to destroy data or access to a computer system.
Surfing Another term for “cruising” or simply exploring the Internet.
Application Any Computer Software program you use.
Created by: mrwirsz