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Run-on sentence Two or more sentences written in one complete sentence
Setting Where and when a story takes place
Mood How you feel when reading (atmosphere of the text)
Theme The central idea of a work of literature; The idea the author reveals through their work
Foreshadowing Clues that hint at what will happen later in the plot
Protagonist Hero or main character of the story
Antagonist Villian or opposing motive in story--against the protagonist.
Metaphor A comparison of two unlike things that have something in common
Hyperbole An exaggeration
Onomatopoeia Word that sounds like the word it represents (Ex. BOOM, CLACK, POOF, etc.)
Simile Comparison using "like" or "as"
Alliteration Repetition of consonant sounds.
Personification Giving human qualities to inanimate objects.
Conflict Struggle between opposing sides.
Two types of conflict External & internal
Subject-verb agreement A verb must agree with its number and person.
Clauses A group of words that has subject & predicate written in one sentence.
Soliloquy A speech given by a character alone on stage; the character speaks thoughts aloud to self.
Dramatic Irony When audience or reader knows something that a character doesnt.
Diction A word choice; A writer or speakers' choice of words.
Dialogue A conversation between two or more characters in a play
Aside A comment made by a character that only the audiencse is supposed to hear.
Tradegy A story consisting or important events that end unhappily.
Meter A pattern of stressed or unstressed syllables in poetry; Used by authors to give their writings a beat.
Comedy A play that ends happily.
Couplet Two consequtive (back to back) lines in poetry that rhyme.
Monologue A long speech by one character to one or more other characters.
Pun A play on the multiple meanings of words that sound the same, but have different meanings.
Stage directions These describe the appearance of the stage, and how characters should act and speak.
Comma rules -Independant clause, Dep. clause -Dependant clause, Ind. clause -Partial phrase, ind. clause -Independant clause, partial phrase -Independant clause series of prepositional phrases.
Characteristics of an arguement -Contains a clear claim/thesis -Accurate justification & evidence -Rebuttal of counter claim.
Direct Characterization A writer TELLS you what a character is like
5 types of Indirect characterization -Actions -Dialogue -Reactions to other characters -Thoughts/feelings -Appearance
Characterization A way a writer reveals a character.
External Conflict Struggle with outside person or force.
Internal conflict Struggle with oneself.
Tone Attitude of a writer toward a subject or an audience. -Generally conveyed through the choice of words, or the viewpoint of a writer on a particular subject.
Claim Opinion statement & reasoning; Overall idea youll argue
Framework of an arguement Claim > Reason 1, Reason 2, Reason 3
Counter claim Opposing claim; Negates (goes against) An arguement that disproves or hurts your arguement.
Refutation Answer to opposing arguement; Response to counter claim. Helps strenthen your arguement.
Persuation goals -Goal is to win over audience -Makes emotional appeals -one sided
Arguement goals -Goal is valid arguement -Logical appeals -Contains opposing sides arguements.
Independant or main clause Has a subject and predicate that can stand alone.
Dependant or subordinate cause -Has a subject and a pedicate, but cannot stand alone. -Must be attached to main clause in order to make sense. -when a sub.clause comes first, it is separated by a comma from the main clause
Indirect charcterization A writer SHOWS you a character in action.
Created by: Baybae218



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