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Poetry Terms Eng10

Poetry Terms for Mrs. Sommer's English 10 Classes

TermDefinition
poetry language used in special ways, using poetic devices
prose the ordinary form of written language, ex: an essay, news article, novel, etc.
poetic device a particular word or phrase used in a poem to evoke a desired effect or arouse a desired reaction in the reader
rhyme the repetition of sounds at the ends of words
stanza a group of lines in a poem
line a line of words in a poem (NOT a sentence!)
simile a comparison between 2 or more things using like or as
metaphor a direct comparison between 2 unlike things, not using like or as
extended metaphor a metaphor that is carried throughout the whole poem
figurative language language that communicates ideas beyond the literal meaning of the words
free verse poetry that does not have a regular meter or rhyme scheme
tone the author's feeling about his or her topic
mood the feeling a reader gets while reading a poem
prose poem a poem written in ordinary paragraph form, using the elements of poetry
English (Shakespearean) Sonnet a 14-line lyric poem consisting of three quatrains (four-line units), followed by a concluding couplet (a two-line unit)
couplet two consecutive lines of poetry that form a unit, often emphasized by rhythm or rhyme
rhyme scheme the repetition of sounds at the ends of words that forms a pattern
iambic pentameter a line of poetry made up of five iambs (an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable)
internal rhyme a rhyme that occurs within a line
alliteration the repetition of initial consonant sounds
repetition the use, more than once, of a sound, word, phrase, or sentence in a poem
symbol using a person, place, or object to stand for or represent something else
personification a nonhuman subject/object is given human characteristics
imagery a word or phrase that appeals to one or more of the five senses
hyperbole a great exaggeration
forced (imperfect) rhyme when 2 words don't actually rhyme, but they need to for the poem, and are forced to rhyme
onomatopoeia the use of words to imitate sounds and make you think of their meaning, ex: creak, slam, squeak
Created by: MrsJSommer