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Inherited Traits

Unit 8 Vocabulary

dormancy a period in an organisms life cycle when growth and development are temporarily stopped: ex. trees in winter, ladybugs in winter
environment all the living and nonliving elements in a particular area
function what something is used for; the purpose of something
habitat the place where an organism lives
inherited traits characteristics or attributes of an organism that are passed down from parent to offspring
learned behaviors the actions or reactions of an organism in response to internal or external stimuli; a skill an organism aquires
offspring a living organism that is made when a plant or animal reproduces
species a group of organisms consisting of similar organisms that is capable of exchanging genes or interbreeding
structure a body part that does a certain job for the organism; ex. webbed feet help ducks to swim
survive continue to live or exist especially in spite of danger or hardship
hibernate to spend winter in an inactive or dormant state in response to extreme temperatures
migration to move from one region or one habitat to another in response to the change in seasons
advantage something that is beneficial or helps
disadvantage something that is not favorable or hinders
instincts a pattern of behavior in animals in response to stimuli
similar resembling without being identical
unique something that is one of a kind
stimuli a thing or even that cause a particular response in an organism
adaptation a characteristic that helps an organism survive in its environment
traits a characteristic or behavior of an organism; examples: shape of a bird beak, color of flowers, number of legs
instinctive behavior an unconscious or automatic behavior of an organism that is inherited from the parent and the animal is born knowing how to do
fossil impression, track, remains or other evidence of ancient organisms found in sedimentary rock
evidence facts or other information that support a claim or proposition
extinction death of an entire species
Created by: Plainview 5th
Popular Ecology sets




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