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Ecology

6th Science - Ecology

TermDefinition
Habitat a place where an organism lives that provides all of its needs
Carnivore eat only MEAT
Omnivore eat both PLANTS and ANIMALS
Producer an organism that uses an outside energy source to make its own food - MOSS, GRASS, FLOWERS
Decomposer an organism that recycles nutrients from dead organisms - FUNGI, BACTERIA
Predator a consumer that CAPTURES and EATS other consumers
Prey the consumer that is EATEN
Sunlight main source of energy for most food chains on the planet
Ecologist studies living things and their interactions in the environment
Scavengers feed on the bodies of already dead organisms. VULTURES
Ecosystem all of the LIVING and NON-LIVING things interacting.
Abiotic Factors non-living parts of an ecosystem
Biotic Factors living parts of an ecosystem
Niche an organisms role in the environment
First Link in a Food Chain producer
Herbivores eat only PLANTS
Mutualism both organisms benefit
Commensalism one organism benefits the other is not helped or harmed
Parasitism one organism benefits the other is harmed
Dominant Species the most abundant species in an ecosystem that is well adapted to their environment
Insectivore eats insects
Competition occurs when organisms share the same food source, water, mates or habitat
Symbiosis any close relationship between species
Created by: cbeltrani