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KSS SM VocabTest 1

SM VocabTest 1

QuestionAnswer
Adeno - glands
Arthro - joints
Chondro - cartilage
Costo - rib
Cryo - cold
Derma - skin
Dys - disordered, bad
Endo- inside
Hemo - blood
Hydro - water
Hyper - above, beyond, or excessive
Hypo - lack of or deficiency; also a position below, under or beneath
Infra - below
Myo - muscle
Neuro - nerves
Osteo - bone
Phlebo - veins
Pyo - pus
Post - after
Pre - before
Supra – above
-algia pain
-ectomy removed
-itis inflammation (tenosynovitis)
-ology science (pathology)
-lysis loosening from adhesions (neurolysis)
-osis abnormal condition (tuberculosis)
-phobia fear (claustrophobia)
-ptosis falling or sagging (visceroptosis)
-rrhea discharging (diarrhea)
-stomy forming artificial opening (colostomy)
-tomy cutting open of an organ or cavity (tracheotomy)
- uria excreted in urine (albuminuria)
ABDOMEN Portion of the trunk located between the chest and the pelvisABDUCTION
ABRASION Superficial wound of the skin resulting from friction or scraping the skin against a hard surface
ACHILLES TENDON The common tendon of gastrocnemius and soleus (calf muscles) which inserts into the posterior of the calcaneus (heel bone)
ACTION The muscle movement
ACUTE Sharp, abrupt, sudden, such as acute pain, or a course of injury that is relatively severe and short
ADDUCTION Movement of a part toward the midline of the body; Opposite of abduction
AEROBIC Work or exercise requiring oxygen
AMNESIA Lack or loss of memory usually due to head injury, shock, fatigue, or illness
ANEROBIC Work or exercise not requiring oxygen
ANATOMY The study of structure of form
ANALGESIC An agent for producing insensibility to pain
ANESTHETIC An agent capable of producing partial or entire loss feeling or sensation
ANOMALY Deviation from the common rule; irregularity
ANTERIOR Situated in front of; refers to the front of the body or body part
ANTI-BIOTIC A drug used to inhibit or kill microorganisms
ANTI-SEPTIC An agent, which prevents the growth of bacteria
APATHY Lack of emotion or interest; indifference
APPENDICULAR The extremities
ARTHRITIS Inflammation in a joint
ARTHROLOGY The study of joint articulations
ARTHROSCOPY Viewing the inside of a joint through an arthroscope using a small video camera lens
ARTICULATION The site at which bones meet to form a joint
ATHLETE’S FOOT A superficial infection of the toes and feet caused by one of several fungi
ATROPHY A decrease in muscle or tissue size usually caused by disease, injury, or loss of innervation
AVASULAR Lack of blood circulation
AVULSION A tearing or pulling away of a part of a structure
AXIAL The body trunk
BASKETWEAVE A method of taping for protection usually applied to ankles
BICEP A muscle having two heads; Usually refers to the large flexor muscle of the front of the upper arm
BILATERAL On the other side (R or L)
BRADYCARDIA Slow heart rate
BRUISE The result of a blow (contusion) that injures the tissue under the skin and causes visible black and blue marks (ecchymosis)
BURSA A small closed sac, lined by specialized connective tissue, which contains a lubricating fluid; Bursa is usually located over bony prominences where muscles or tendons move over the bone end
BURSITIS Inflammation of the bursaCALCANEUS
CALCIFICATION Hardening by the deposition of salts of lime in the muscle tissue
CALLUS A thickening of or a hardthickened area on the skin
CARTILAGE A translucent, grizzle-like padding that lies or between most of the joints in the skeleton
CERVICAL Pertaining to the neck, especially the 7 vertebrae in the neck
CHRONIC Marked by long duration; continued; not acute; In athletics it usually refers to a recurrent injury, or one that has not responded to treatment
CIRCUMDUCTION Rotation in a full circleCLAVICLE
CONCUSSION The state of being shaken; a severe shaking or jarring of a part, as by an explosion, or a violent blow; shock
CONTRACTURE shortening or distorting of tissue; May be permanent due to scaring, or spasmodic and temporary
CONTRAINDICATE to advice against (aparticular treatment)
CONTRALATERAL On the opposite side
CONTRAST BATH Alternation of hot and cold water therapy for an injury
CONTUSION An injury to the skin or flesh without laceration; a bruise to bone or muscle from an outside force causing tissue damage and internal bleeding (hematoma)
CONVULSION A violent and involuntary contraction or series of contractions of the muscles; a spasm of seizure with or without unconsciousness, which may or may not be associated with various sensory or motor components described underepilepsy
CREPITUS A series of cracking sounds such as when ends of a broken bone rub together
CRYOKINETICS Treatment by use of cold with exercise movements
CRYOTHERAPY Treatment by use of cold
CUTANEOUS Skin
CYANOSIS A condition in which the skin becomes blue because of deficient aeration of theblood
DELTOID A large triangular muscle that covers the shoulder joint and serves to raise thearm laterally
DILATION A state of being enlarged
Created by: SK Ath Med