Save
Busy. Please wait.
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
or

Username is available taken
show password

why


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
focusNode
Didn't know it?
click below
 
Knew it?
click below
Don't know
Remaining cards (0)
Know
0:00
share
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

SCI Lvls& Func Capab

Spinal Cord Movement Levels and Functional Capabilities

LevelMovement PossiblePatterns of WeaknessKey Innervated MusclesFunctional CapabilitiesAE/AD Equipment
T1-T9 (All Arms) Upper extremities fully intact; limited upper trunk stability; endurance increased secondary to innervations of intercostals Lower trunk paralysis; total paralysis of LE Intrinsics of the hands incl thumbs; inter, exter intercostals, erector spinae; lumbricals; flex/ext/abd pollicis Eating, grooming, dressing, bathing, bowel and bladder management (I); (I) bed mobility, standing (I) Hand mirror for skin checks; Manual rigid/ light weight w/c; hand controlled driving
T10-L1 (Pull it up!) Good trunk stability Paralysis of LE Fully intact intercostals; external obliques; rectus abdominis Functional ambulation some assist to (I) KAFOs; Manual rigid/ light weight w/c; hand controlled driving
L2-S5 (Can you moonwalk?) Good trunk stability; partial to full control of LE Partial paralysis of LE incl hips, knees, ankle, foot Fully intact trunk abdominals & all other trunk muscles; depend on level some hip flex, ext, abd; knee flex, ext, ankle dorsiflexors, plantar flexors Functional ambulation some assist to (I); walking with AD/AE KAFOs and AFOs; Manual rigid/ light weight w/c; hand controlled driving
C1-C3 (Lean on me) Neck flexion, extension and rotation Complete paralysis of trunk, UE & LE; limited head and neck control; no motor innervations to diaphram; ventilator dependent Sternocledomastoid, neck accessories Talking, chewing, swallowing, blowing Respirator!! Head, chin, mouth controlled power w/c
C4 (Breathing Free) Neck flexion, extension, rotation; scapular elevation; Inspiration (inhalation) Paralysis of trunk, UE & LE; inability to cough; Low endurance/ respiratory reserves Diaphragm, upper trapezius, cervical paraspinal muscles Shoulder shrug, respiration Respirator maybe; head, breath, vox controlled power w/c
C5 (Winnie the Pooh eating hunny out of hunny pot) Shoulder flexion, abduction, extension; elbow flexion, supination; scapular ab/adduction Absent: elbow extension, pronation; all wrist, hand movement; complete paralysis of lower trunk, LE; no trunk control for side bending Deltoid, biceps (elbow flexion, forearm supinator), brachialis (prime mover for elbow flexion), brachioradialis (elbow flexion, supin/pro); serratus anterior (partial) Head and neck control, elbow flexion, palmar supination Universal cuff; splints: wrist cock-up (day), instrinsic plus (night); hand controlled power w/c; driving with specialized equip
C6 (Snow White eating apple) Scapular protraction, some horizontal adduction, forearm supination, radial wrist extension (tenodesis) Absent: wrist flexion, elbow extension, hand movement; complete paralysis of trunk, LE Clavicular pectoralis; supinator; extensor carpi radialis longus, brevis; serratus anterior; latissimus dorsi Palmar pronation, wrist extensions, tenodesis grasp Tenodesis splint; modified long handled sponge, bath mitts; hand controlled power w/c ; limited manual w/c use; hand controlled driving
C7-C8 (Ariel the Mermaid push up off rock) Elbow extension (I-Depression transfers); ulnar wrist extension; wrist flexion; finger flexion & extension; thumb flexion, extension, abduction Paralysis of trunk, LE; limited grasp, dexterity, secondary to partial intrinsic muscles of the hand Latissimus dorsi; sternal pectoralis, triceps (C7); Finger intrinsics (C8); ext carpi ulnaris; flex carpi radialis; flex digit profundus, superficialis; ext communis; pronator, flex, ext, & abd pollicis; lumbricals (part) Depression transfers (I); w/c push -ups (pressure relief) Button hook, sock assist, zip assist; manual rigid/light weight w/c w modified rims; hand controlled driving
Created by: Catf
 

 



Voices

Use these flashcards to help memorize information. Look at the large card and try to recall what is on the other side. Then click the card to flip it. If you knew the answer, click the green Know box. Otherwise, click the red Don't know box.

When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, click "retry" to try those cards again.

If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just click on the card to take it out of the box.

You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows:

If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they are in the same box the next time you log in.

When you need a break, try one of the other activities listed below the flashcards like Matching, Snowman, or Hungry Bug. Although it may feel like you're playing a game, your brain is still making more connections with the information to help you out.

To see how well you know the information, try the Quiz or Test activity.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards