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Big Idea 6, Part 1

IP Delivers packets (Using a routing function) to the destination using IP addresses and packet headers. Defines the addressing method used to encapsulate data.
TCP Provides reliable, ordered, and error-checked stream of packets.
DNS The service that translates URLs to IP addresses.
IETF (Internet Engineering Task Force) Develops and promotes voluntary Internet standards and protocols, in particular the standards that comprise the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP).
Internet A group of computers and servers that are connected to each other.
IP Address A number assigned to any item that is connected to the Internet.
Packets Small chunks of information that have been carefully formed from larger chunks of information.
Protocol A set of rules governing the exchange or transmission of data between devices.
Router A type of computer that forwards data across a network
HTTP The protocol used for transmitting web pages over the Internet
URL An easy-to-remember address for calling a web page (like www.code.org)
End-to-End Architecture This is a decentralized structure where much of the processes occur at the ends, rather than between nodes. This makes it difficult to stop the internet since there is not one localized headquarters.
Created by: Dhiller