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Ch. 19 Terms

TermDefinition
10-foot user interface Application software used on large screens to control output display menus and other clickable items in fonts large enough to read at a distance of 10 feet.
ad hoc mode A peer-to-peer wireless network between computers where each wireless computer serves as its own wireless access point and is responsible for securing each connection.
AirPrint A technology by Apple that allows Apple computers and mobile devices to print to an AirPrint-capable printer without first installing the printer.
bitmap Rows and columns of bits that collectively represent an image.
Bonjour An Apple program that is used to interface between computers and devices and share content and services between them. When iTunes is installed on a Windows computer, the installation includes Bonjour.
calibration The process of checking and correcting the graduations of an instrument or device such as an inkjet printer.
charging In laser printing, the imaging drum is conditioned to contain a high electrical charge.
cloud printing Printing to a printer anywhere on the Internet from a personal computer or mobile device connected to the Internet.
default printer The designated printer to which Windows prints unless another printer is selected.
Devices and Printers window A window used in Windows 8/7 to manage and uninstall printers and other devices.
direct thermal printer A type of thermal printer that burns dots onto special coated paper as was done by older fax machines
duplex printer A printer that is able to print on both sides of the paper.
duplexing assembly Used in a duplex printer, a duplexing assembly contains several rollers, turns the paper around, and draws it back through the print process to print on the back of the paper.
elevated command prompt window A Windows command prompt window that allows commands that require administrator privileges.
extension magnet brush A long-handled brush made of nylon fibers that are charged with static electricity to pick up stray toner inside a laser printer.
fuser assembly A component in laser printing that uses heat and pressure to fuse the toner to paper.
hardware-assisted virtualization (HAV) A feature of a processor whereby it can provide enhanced support for hypervisor software to run virtual machines on a system. The feature must be enabled in UEFI/BIOS setup.
hardware print server A device that can connect to a USB, Bluetooth, or serial-port printer to connect the printer to the network as a network printer.
Home Theater PC (HTPC) A PC that is designed to play and possibly record music, photos, movies, and video on a television or extra-large monitor screen.
HTPC case A case used to accommodate a home theater PC and must be small enough to fit on a shelf in an entertainment center.
hypervisor Software that creates and manages virtual machines on a server or on a local computer. Also called virtual machine manager (VMM).
imaging drum An electrically charged rotating drum found in laser printers.
impact paper Paper used by impact printers and comes as a box of fanfold paper or in rolls (used with receipt printers).
impact printer A type of printer that creates a printed page by using a mechanism that touches or hits the paper.
infrstructure mode Wi-Fi devices connect to a Wi-Fi access point, such as a SOHO router, which is responsible for securing and managing the wireless network.
ink cartridge A cartridge in an inkjet printer that holds the different colors of ink for the printer.
inkjet printer A type of ink dispersion printer that uses cartridges of ink. The ink is heated to a boiling point and then ejected onto the paper through tiny nozzles.
laser printer A type of printer that uses a laser beam to control how toner is placed on the page and then uses heat to fuse the toner to the page.
local printer A printer connected to a computer by way of a port on the computer. Compare with network printer.
network printer A printer that any user on the network can access, through its own network card and connection to the network, through a connection to a stand-alone print server, or through a connection to a computer as a local printer, which is shared on the network.
pickup roller A part in a printer that pushes forward a sheet of paper from the paper tray.
print head The part in an inkjet or impact printer that moves across the paper, creating one line of the image with each pass.
print server Hardware or software that manages the print jobs sent to one or more printers on a network.
printer maintenence kit A kit purchased from a printer manufacturer that contains the parts, tools, and instructions needed to perform routine printer maintenance.
printer self-test page A test page that prints by using controls at the printer. The page allows you to eliminate a printer as a problem and usually prints tests, graphics, and information about the printer such as the printer resolution and how much memory is installed.
printui The Windows Printer User Interface command used by administrators to manage printers on the local and remote computers.
remote printing Printing from a computer or mobile device to a printer that is not connected directly to the computer or device.
REt (Resolution Enhancement technology) The term used by Hewlett-Packard to describe the way a laser printer varies the size of the dots used to create an image. This technology partly accounts for the sharp, clear image created by a laser printer.
separate pad A printer part that keeps more than one sheet of paper from moving forward.
separation pad A printer part that keeps more than one sheet of paper from moving forward.
Services console A console used by Windows to stop, start, and manage background services used by Windows and applications.
set-top box A device that makes a regular TV function as a smart TV.
smart TV A television that has the ability to run apps, store data, and connect to the Internet..
thermal paper Special coated paper used by thermal printers.
thermal printer A type of line printer that uses wax-based ink, which is heated by heat pins that melt the ink onto paper.
thermal tranfer printer A type of thermal printer that uses a ribbon that contains wax-based ink. The heating element melts the ribbon onto special thermal paper so that it stays glued to the paper as the feeder assembly moves the paper through the printer.
thick client A regular desktop computer or laptop that is sometimes used as a client by a virtualization server. Also called fat client.
thin client A computer that has an operating system, but has little computing power and might only need to support a browser used to communicate with a virtualization server.
toner vacuum A vacuum cleaner designed to pick up toner used in laser printers and does not allow it to touch any conductive surface.
tractor feed A continuous feed within an impact printer that feeds fanfold paper through the printer rather than individual sheets, making them useful for logging ongoing events or data.
transfer belt A laser printer component that completes the transferring step in the printer.
transfer roller A soft, black roller in a laser printer that puts a positive charge on the paper. The charge pulls the toner from the drum onto the paper.
virtual printing Printing to a file rather than directly to a printer.
virtualization server A computer that serves up virtual machines to multiple client computers and provides a virtual desktop for users on these client machines.
XPS Document Writer A Windows feature that creates a file with an .xps file extension. The file is similar to a .pdf file and can be viewed, edited, printed, faxed, emailed, or posted on websites.
Created by: drewtang40