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Logical Fallacies

QuestionAnswer
a person makes a claim then argues for it by advancing grounds whose meaning is simply equivalent to that of the original claim circular reasoning
any diversion intended to distract attention from the main issue (changing the subject) red herring
ignoring a person's actual position/argument and instead substituting a misrepresentation of that person's ideas/argument straw man
where someone attacks an opponent's character, or his motives for believing something, instead of disproving his opponent's argument ad hominem
where someone generalizes about a class or group based upon a small and poor sample hasty generalization
describing a situation as if there were only two choices when in fact there may be several either/or
arguing that one event caused another just because it happened first false cause and effect
suggests a person should do or believe something because "everyone does" bandwagon/overgeneralization
insisting that a claim is true simply because a valid authority or expert on the issue said it was true, without any other supporting evidence offered appeal to authority
jumping to a series of unreasonable conclusions based on one event slippery slope
explaining a complex situation or problem as if it is much simpler than it is oversimplification
suggesting that because two things are alike in some ways, they are alike in all ways false analogy
the presentation of only the details, statistics, and other information that impacts public opinion positively card stacking