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Art Test #5

QuestionAnswer
Ghent Altarpiece Eyck, finished by brother, triptych, Cathedral of St. Bavo, story of Adoration of the Lamb, oil paint (new technique), symbolism of paradise, dove, mystic lamb, prophets/kings to left, apostles/saints on right, Adam and Eve top side
Triptych Three wooden panels painted with oil paint
Arnolfini Eyck, oil on panel, hand/dog are symbols of fidelity, couple on holy ground (clogs), peaches ripening - fertility, signed "here in 1434", mini comp. shows backs of couple and another person
Portrait of a Lady Weyden, 1455, oil on panel, shows realistic fabric
Descent from the Cross 1435, oil on panel, part of triptych, s-curve in Christ and Mary, Mary's hand almost touches Adam's skull
Tapestry and Embroidery Fiber arts, popular art forms at this time
Hieronymus Bosch Dutch painter, painted weird images and puzzling symbols
Garden of Delights Triptych, Bosch, left panel: garden of Eden with Adam and Eve, right panel: garden of Satan, middle: paradise
Tower of Babel Bruegel, story of Mesopotamia
Return of the Hunters Seasons of the year, Bruegel, loved to paint peasants in daily activities/special festivals
Albrecht Durer Talented in woodcut/copper engraving, leader of German High Renaissance, first outside of Italy to become internationally acclaimed, first northern artist to document himself in self-portraits, hair is hundreds of lines
Knight, Death, and the Devil Durer, 1513, knight symbolizes Christian warrior, fears no evil without paying attention to death (holds an hourglass), signed
Hans Holbein One of the finest portrait painters of all time, court painter to Henry VIII, painted realistically, well paid
Sir Thomas More Holbein, witty author and statesman, no one painted velvet or fur more convincingly than Holbein
French Ambassadors Greatest achievement of Holbein, French Ambassador/de Selve to the left, skull appears at bottom if viewed at certain angle, symbolic objects: eyeglass, lute, celestial globe, hymnbook, compasses, flutes, sundial, crucifix, books
Baroque Art 1600 A. D., Rome was center of art world, church remained all-powerful, baroque was born and spread throughout Europe, ornate, decorative, dynamic, extravagant and theatrical
Ecstasy of Saint Theresa Bernini, captures baroque spirit, mystical event involving Theresa, face shows pain and pleasure
David Bernini, made from marble, dramatic/energetic, different from Michelangelo/Donatello's because his is in action
Caravaggio (Merisi), first giant of baroque, rebel and died at 37 running from the law, focused on painting, placed religious figures in common early settings, churches refused to commission his work
The Supper at Emmaus Caravaggio, strong value contrasts, lit by one source of light, taken from Biblical account of Easter Sunday, surprised about Christ's resurrection
Judith and Maidservant with the Head of Holofernes Judith, bottom of painting shows maidservant stuffing the head into a sack, used a candle as the only light source, emphasizes deep shadows and brilliant lights
Magdalen with the Smoking Flame de la Tour, used a candle as a single light source, symbol of Catholic doctrine of forgiveness of sins, shows a life of contemplation, discovered in 1972, oil on canvas
Versailles The Sun King built this, originally a symbol of the glory of the king, later a symbol of the excesses of the monarchy, helped bring French Revolution, would've cost $10,000,000,000 today
Created by: archergirl