Busy. Please wait.
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
or

Username is available taken
show password

why


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.

Remove Ads
Don't know
Know
remaining cards
Save
0:01
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards




share
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Maintenance Chp 3

TermDefinition
Accelerated Processing Unit (APU) An AMD technology that is a combination of a CPU and a graphics processor unit (GPU) in the same processor housing.
Ball Grid Array (BGA) A connection via a processor that is soldered to the motherboard, and the two are always purchased as a unit.
BitLocker Encryption A utility in Windows 8/7/Vista that is used to lock down a hard drive by encrypting the entire Windows volume and any other volume on the drive.
Bus The paths, or lines, on the motherboard on which data, instructions, and electrical power move from component to component
Chipset A group of chips on the motherboard that controls the timing and flow of data and instructions to and from the CPU
CMOS (Complementary Metal-Oxide Semiconductor) The technology used to manufacture microchips. CMOS chips require less electricity, hold data longer after the electricity is turned off, and produce less heat than earlier technologies. The configuration or setup chip is a CMOS chip.
CMOS Battery The lithium coin-cell battery on the motherboard used to power the CMOS chip that holds BIOS setup data so that the data is retained when the computer is unplugged.
CMOS RAM Memory contained on the CMOS configuration chip.
Compatibility Support Module (CSM) A feature of UEFI that allows UEFI to be backward compatible with legacy BIOS devices and drivers
Data Bus Lines of the bus, a system of pathways used for communication on the motherboard, used for data.
Data Path Size The number of lines on a bus that can hold data, for example, 8, 16, 32, and 64 lines, which can accommodate 8, 16, 32, and 64 bits at a time.
Device Driver A small program stored on the hard drive and installed in Windows that tells Windows how to communicate with a specific hardware device such as a printer, network, port on the motherboard, or scanner
EFI (Extensible Firmware Interface) The original version of UEFI that was first developed by Intel.
Flashing BIOS The process of upgrading or refresh-ing the programming stored on a firmware chip.
Flip-Chip Land Grid Array (FCLGA) A type of socket used by processors that has blunt protruding pins on the socket that connect with lands or pads on the bottom of the processor. The chips in the processor package are flipped over so that the top of the chip makes contact with the socket.
Flip-Chip Pin Grid Array (FCPGA) A type of socket used by processors that has holes aligned in rows to receive pins on the bottom of the processor. The chips in the processor are flipped over so that the top of the chip makes contact with the socket.
Front Side Bus (FSB) The bus between the CPU and memory on the motherboard. The bus frequency in documentation is called the system speed, such as 400 MHz. Also called the memory bus, system bus,local bus, or host bus
Gigahertz (GHz) One thousand MHz, or one billion cycles per second. Also see hertz and megahertz.
GUID Partition Table (GPT) One of two methods used to organize partitions on a hard drive. A GUID partitioning system installed on a hard drive can support 128 partitions and is recommended for drives larger than 2 TB. Compared with Master Boot Record (MBR).
Hertz (Hz) Unit of measurement for frequency, calculated in terms of vibrations, or cycles per second. For example, for 16-bit stereo sound, a frequency of 44,000 Hz is used. Also see megahertz and gigahertz.
I/O Shield A plate installed on the rear of a computer case that provides holes for I/O ports coming off the motherboard.
ISO Image A file format that has an .iso file extension and holds an image of all the data, including the file system that is stored on an optical disc. ISO stands for International Organization for Standardization. Also called disc image or ISO file.
ITX A smaller version of the microATX form factor. Also called mini ITX.
Jumper Two small posts or metal pins that stick up side by side on the motherboard or other device and are used to hold configuration information. The jumper is considered closed if a cover is over the wires and open if the cover is missing.
Key-Enrollment Key (KEK) A Secure Boot database that holds digital signatures provided by OS manufacturers.
Key-Exchange Key (KEK) A Secure Boot database that holds digital signatures provided by OS manufacturers.
Land Grid Array (LGA) A socket that has blunt protruding pins in uniform rows on the socket that connect with lands or pads on the bottom of the processor. Compare with pin grid array (PGA).
LoJack A technology by Absolute Software used to track the whereabouts of a laptop computer and if the computer is stolen, lock down access to the computer or erase data on it. The technology is embedded in the UEFI/BIOS of many laptops.
Master Boot Record (MBR) One of two methods used to organize the partition tables on a hard drive. On an MBR hard drive, the first sector on the drive is called the MBR and contains the partition table and a program BIOS uses to boot an OS from the drive.
Megahertz (MHz) One million Hz, or one million cycles per second. Also see hertz and gigahertz.
Mini-ITX A smaller version of the microATX form factor. Also called ITX.
PCI A bus common to personal computers that uses a 32-bit wide or a 64-bit data path. Several variations of PCI exist. On desktop systems, one or more notches on a PCI slot keep the wrong PCI cards from being inserted in the PCI slot.
PCI Express The latest evolution of PCI, which is not backward compatible with earlier PCI slots and cards. PCIe slots come in several sizes, including PCIe x1, PCIe x4, PCIe x8, and PCIe x16
North Bridge That portion of the chipset hub that connects faster I/O buses (for example, the video bus) to the system bus. Compare with South Bridge
Onboard Port Ports that are directly on the motherboard, such as a built-in keyboard port or onboard network port.
Option ROM A Secure Boot driver required as the computer first boots, which is digitally signed and identified in the signature database.
Overclocking Running a processor at a higher frequency than is recommended by the manufacturer, which can result in an unstable system, but is a popular thing to do when a computer is used for gaming.
PCI Express (PCIe) The latest evolution of PCI, which is not backward compatible with earlier PCI slots and cards. PCIe slots come in several sizes, including PCIe x1, PCIe x4, PCIe x8, and PCIe x16
PCI-X The second evolution of PCI, which is backward compatible with conventional PCI slots and cards, except 5-V PCI cards. PCI-X is focused on the server market.
Pin Grid Array (PGA) A socket that has holes aligned in uniform rows around the socket to receive the pins on the bottom of the processor. Compare with land grid array (LGA).
Platform Key (PK) A digital signature belonging to the motherboard or computer manufacturer. The PK authorizes turning on or off Secure Boot and updating the KEK database.
Protocol A set of rules and standards that two entities use for communication. For example, TCP/IP is a suite or group of protocols that define
QuickPath Interconnect (QPI) The technology used first by the Intel X58 chipset for communication between the chipset and the processor using 16 serial lanes similar to that used by PCI Express. Replaced the 64-bit wide Front Side Bus used by previous chipsets.
Revoked Signature Database (DBX) A Secure Boot database that is a blacklist of signatures for software that has been revoked and no longer trusted.
Riser Card A card that plugs into a motherboard and allows for expansion cards to be mounted parallel to the motherboard. Expansion cards are plugged into slots on the riser card
Secure Boot A UEFI feature that prevents a system from booting up with drivers or an OS that are not digitally signed and trusted by the motherboard or computer manufacturer.
Signature Datatbase (db) A Secure Boot database that holds a list of digital signatures of approved operating systems, applications, and drivers that can be loaded by UEFI.
Small Form Factor (SFF) A motherboard used in low-end computers and home theater systems. Often used with an Intel Atom processor and sometimes purchased as a motherboard-processor combo unit.
South Bridge That portion of the chipset hub that connects slower I/O buses (for example, a PCI bus) to the system bus. Compare with North Bridge.
Staggered Pin Grid Array (SPGA) A type of socket used by processors that has pins staggered over the socket in order to squeeze more pins into a small space
System Bus The bus between the CPU and memory on the motherboard. The bus frequency in documentation is called the system speed, such as 400 MHz. Also called the memory bus, Front Side Bus, local bus, or host bus
System Clock A line on a bus that is dedicated to timing the activities of components connected to it. The system clock provides a continuous pulse that other devices use to time themselves.
TPM (Trusted Platform Module) Chip A chip on a motherboard that holds an encryption key required at startup to access encrypted data on the hard drive. Windows BitLocker Encryption can use the TPM chip
Trace A wire on a circuit board that connects two components or devices
Unified Extensible Firmware Interface (UEFI) An interface between firmware on the motherboard and the operating system that improves on legacy BIOS processes for booting, handing over the boot to the OS, and loading device drivers and applications before the OS loads.
Virtual Machine (VM) Software that simulates the hardware of a physical computer, creating one or more logical machines within one physical machine.
Virtualization When one physical machine hosts multiple activities that are normally done on multiple machines.
Wait State A clock tick in which nothing happens, used to ensure that the microprocessor isn't getting ahead of slower components. A 0-wait state is preferable to a 1-wait state. Too many wait states can slow down a system.
Zero Insertion Force (ZIF) socket A socket that uses a small lever to apply even force when you install the processor into the socket.
Created by: acat521