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Noman 13

Color Terms

What is color? color is an element of design
How is color perceived? Color occurs when light in different wavelengths strikes our eyes. Objects have no color of their own, only the ability to reflect a certain wavelength of light back to our eyes.
What is hue? Hue refers to the color itself. Each different hue is a different reflected wavelength of light. White light broken in a prism has seven hues: red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo and violet.
Primary colors The three basic colors that are used to create all of the other colors are known as the primary colors. You cannot achieve these colors by mixing any other colors together. These colors include: Red Blue Yellow
Tertiary colors When you mix equal parts of one primary and one secondary color you achieve the tertiary colors. These colors include: Red-violet Blue-violet Blue-green Yellow-green Yellow-orange Red-orange
Tints & Shades A tint is a saturated color that is mixed with pure white color. The more white that you add to a saturated color, the lighter the color will become. A shade is a saturated color that is mixed with pure black color.
Warm & Cool Colors Warm Colors: Red, Orange, & Yellow Cool Colors: Blue, Green, & Violet
Neutral Colors Black, Grey, White, Brown, & Tan
Monochromatic Color Harmony They are achieved by using tints and shades of only one color Examples: Navy Blue, Bright Blue, and Baby Blue Cranberry, Brick Red, Red Dark Green, Kelly Green, Light Green
Analogous Color Harmony Are done by using three or more colors that are next to each other on the color wheel Examples: Red, Red-Violet, Violet Blue, Blue-Green, Green Yellow, Yellow-Orange, Orange, Red-Orange
Complementary Color Harmony Two colors that are directly across from each other on the color wheel Examples: Yellow & Purple Green & Red Blue & Orange
Triadic Color Harmony Three colors that are located within equal distance of each other Examples: Red, Blue, Yellow Orange, Violet, Green
Split Complementary Harmony This is created by using any color and the two colors located next to that colors complement Examples: Yellow, Red-Violet, Blue-Violet Orange, Blue-Green, Blue-Violet Red, Yellow-Green, Blue-Green
Neutral Color Harmony Any combination of Blacks, Greys, Whites, Browns, & Tans
Created by: fatima noman