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War and Peace Vocab

Polis a city state that was the fundamental political unit in ancient Greece.
Acropolis a marketplace on a fortified hilltop where citizens gathered to discuss city government.
Monarchy a government where a single person rules, called a king.
Aristocracy a government ruled by a small group of noble landowning families.
Oligarchy a government ruled by a few powerful people.
Tyrants powerful people that sometimes seized control of the government by appealing to the common people for support.
Democracy a rule by the people (citizens help to make decisions).
Helots were peasants that forced to stay on the land they worked, previously were Messenians.
Phalanx the fearsome formation that was between Greece and Persian empires that began in Ionia on the coast of Anatolia.
Direct Democracy a form of government in which citizens rule directly and not through representatives.
Classical Art are Greeks values of harmony, order, balance, and proportion.
Tragedy was a serious drama about common themes such as love, hate, war, or betrayal.
Comedy contained scenes filled with slapstick situations and crude humor.
Peloponnesian War a war where the Athens and its allies were defeated by Sparta and its allies between 431-404 BC.
Philosophers were great thinkers determined to seek the truth, no matter where the search led them.
Socrates a man who believed that absolute standards did exist for truth and justice — critic of the Sophists.
Plato a student of Socrates who wrote the conversations of the philosophical “investigation.”
Aristotle a philosopher who questioned the nature of the world and of human belief, thought, and knowledge.
Created by: 40047273