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COMD 321 exam 1

QuestionAnswer
Ventral away from the backbone or toward front of the body
Dorsal toward the backbone or away from the front
Anterior toward the front or away from the back.
Posterior Toward the back or away from the front.
Superficaial toward the surface
Deep away from the surface
Superior upper
Inferior lower
Cranial toward the head
Caudal toward the tail, away from the head
External toward the outer surface. used to discribe body cavities or body wall
Internal toward the inner surface. used to discribe body cavities or body wall
Medial toward the axis or midline
Lateral away from the axis or midline
Proximal toward the body or toward the root
Distal away from the body or root
Central pertaining to the center
Peripheral toward the outer surface or part
Arthrodia(gliding) joint only gliding and sliding movements. found between vertebrae and joint of hands and feet
Ginglymus(Hinge) joint movement on one plane, foward and backward. fingers
Trochiod(pivot) joint resemblance to pulley or pivot. C1 and C2
Ellipsoid(condyloid) joint oval shaped fits into elliptical cavity. wrist
Saddle joint all movement except rotaion. thumb
Enarthrodial (ball and socket) joint ball like end fits into cup like cavity. hip/shoulder
Condyle a round or knucklelike process
Crest prominent ridge
Head an enlargement at one end of the bone, beyond neck
Process bony prominence
Spine sharp projection
Trachanter very large bony projection
Tubercle small rounded projection
Tuberosity Large rounded projection
Fissure cleft or groove
Foramen opening or preforation in a bone
Fossa pit or hollow
Fovea small pitlike depression
Groove furrow
Meatus tube or passageway
Neck construiction near one end
Sinus cavity within a bone
Sulcus groove or furrow
Created by: leestudy