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Water Vocabulary

6th grade SOL review

TermDefinition
water vapor water in the form of a gas
groundwater water that fills the cracks and spaces in underground rock layers
water cycle when water moves through bodies of water, land, and living things
evaporation liquid molecules turn to a gas
transpiration process by which water is given off through the leaves of plants as water vapor
precipitation water that falls to the Earth
irrigation process of supplying water to areas of dry land in order to make the land suitable for growing crops
photosynthesis process where plants use Carbon Dioxide, water, and energy from the sun to make food
habitat the place where an organism lives - this place provides all of the things that it needs to survive
tributary smaller streams and rivers that feed into a main river or larger body of water - it contributes water to the larger body of water
watershed the LAND AREA that supplies water to a river system-also known as a drainage basin
divide place where one watershed (land area) is SEPARATED from another (often a mountain range)
levee natural - ridge made up of sediment deposit along a river bank man made-constructed along the edge of water to make the bank taller and prevent flooding
reservoir a lake that stores water for human use
eutrophication the process by which nutrients build up in a lake over many years (this is bad because it will eventually cause the lake to dry up)
pores different sized SPACES between the particles of soil and rock
permeable this describes a material that allows water to easily pass through or permeate, usually close to the surface (ex.: sand or gravel)
impermeable this describes a material that water CANNOT pass through easily - this is usually deeper under the surface (ex.: clay or granite)
saturated zone the area of permeable rock or soil that is TOTALLY FILLED WITH WATER
water table the top of the saturated zone - the water level
unsaturated zone layer of rocks and soil ABOVE the water table that is NOT completely full of water
aquifer any underground layer of rock that holds water
spring occurs when the water table meets the ground surface - groundwater bubbles or flows out of cracks in the rock
recharge NEW water that enters the aquifer from the surface - replenishes and refills the aquifer
Artesian well a well in which water rises on its own because of the pressure within the aquifer - it does not require a pump
wetland area of land covered by a shallow layer of water during some or all of the year - protect shores from waves, absorb pollutants, improve water quality, and contain a wide diversity of life
Created by: lfurrow13