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Art Midterm 2017

QuestionAnswer
What is an example of an art subject matter? Landscapes, cityscapes, the figure, the portrait, still life
What is an art medium/media? Drawing, painting, collage, printmaking, sculpture, fibers
Line A path traced by a moving point
Shape The general outline of an object, can be 2D or 3D, can be free form or organic
Form The 3D equivalent of shape, can be geometric or organic
Texture The roughness or smoothness of a surface, can be simulated or real
Space Can be flat or show the illusion of depth or persepctive
Two types of perspective Linear and atmospheric (aerial)
Color The effect of the reflection of light on the back of the eye or retina, aka hue
Value The lightness or darkness of pencil tones or colors
Balance The distribution of visual weight in a work of art
Unity Combines the principles of design and the physical aspects of a painting to create a single, harmonious artwork
Emphasis The first thing your eye sees in a work of art, aka the focal point/center of interest
Contrast Differences in a work of art using art elements
Pattern Repetition of art elements
Rhythm Art elements are repeated to create movement in an artwork
Movement Movement directs the viewer's eyes to create the center of interest, shows action in a work of art
Characteristics of Hindu art Many gods are represented in Hindu art, Hinduism has dominated the art of India for over 2500 years
Characteristics of Buddhist art Buddhism emerged in India in the 6th century B. C. and the art was inspired by religion, the influence of Buddhist-inspired art can be found in Japan, Buddha is represented in sculptures in India
Characteristics of Islamic art Human figure is rare in Islamic art and only mini paitings included men and women to illustrate Islamic tales, much of Asia is dominated by Islam and this caused influence in Asian art
Taj Mahal The mausoleum in Agra, India was built for the 3rd wife of Shah Jahan, Mumtaz Mahal, it's an example of Islamic-inspired architecture
Trompe I'oeil A type of painting which is so realistic that the viewer may be convinced that it is the actual subject and not a painting, comes from French "fool the eye"
Non-western Art Art from any culture NOT related to the people of North America and Western Europe
Characteristics of Japanese Art Simplicity of form and design, attentiveness to the beauty of nature, and subtlety
Borobudor An indonesian Buddhist temple with ten levels, aka the "cosmic mountain", one of the seven wonders of the ancient world
Australian Aboriginal x-ray art Depicts the inside and outside of the animal/figure in one image
Batik A coloring or dying process using a wax stencil to protect design areas from coloration by dying of cloth or paper
3 Characteristics of Islamic architecture Minarets (towers for call to prayer), courtyard, and dome
Alhambra A palace located in Spain
Blue Mosque A working mosque, located in Istanbul, Turkey
Hagia Sophia Originally a church but converted into a mosque, today it's a museum and is being restored, located in Istanbul, Turkey
Fresco A method of painting in which pigments suspended in water are applied to a thin layer of wet plaster so that the plaster absorbs the color and the painting becomes part of the wall
Fetish Figure An object to which magical powers are ascribed, a good luck charm
Reliquary Figure Carved guardians that stand above basket receptacles for ancestral remains
Oni of Ife King of Ife bronze sculpture
Machu Picchu "Lost city of the Incas" in Peru
Serpent Mound Ohio, made by Native Americans, represents a snake holding an oval object in its mouth
Cliff Dwellings of Mesa Verde Built by the Anasazi, located in Chaco Canyon, New Mexico, Native American apartment houses
Maria Martinez Native American potter from New Mexico who is known for her black polished pottery
Caves at Lascaux 15,000 B. C., caves in France with paintings of animals, closed to the public in 1963
Venus of Willendorf 25,000 B. C., female fertility sculpture found in Austria, made of limestone
Stonehenge 2,000 B. C., ritual site in Salisbury Plain, England, constructed to indicate the solstices and equinoxes of the calendar year and times for planting, harvesting and religious ceremonies, constructed of a cromlech and lintels
Cromlech A round grouping of gigantic stones
Lintels Horizontal elements
Ziggurat at Ur Sumerian temple, 2100 - 2000 B. C. in modern day Iraq
Great Pyramids Largest was built for Cheops, stones cut so accurately that it's difficult to find a place where a knife blade can be forced between two surfaces, guarded by the Great Sphinx
Imhotep The first artist in history whose name is known, architect for the Step Pyramid of King Zoser, 2600 B. C.
Palace at Knossos 1600 - 1400 B. C., palace on Crete, aka the Palace of Minos, contained many rooms, running water, sewage system, theater, storerooms, terraces, and elaborately decorated quarters for the rulers
Kouros Unclothed male sculpture in Greek art with an archaic smile
Peplos Kore A clothed female sculpture in Greek art with an archaic smile
Nike of Samothrace Greek sculpture representing "winged victory"
Amphora Greek vase used as a storage jar
Parthenon On the acropolis in Athens, built for Athena
Mosaics of San Vitale, in Ravenna, Italy Tesserae pressed into wet plaster, depicts Emperor Justinian and Empress Theodora with attendants, Christianity is appearing in art
Created by: archergirl