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Romanticism Review

What is Romanticism? A school of thought that values feelings over logic and listens to the heart, not the mind.
Where did the Romantic movment begin? Europe
Romanticism developed as a reaction to what? Rationalism
Did the Romantics prefer the city or countryside? Countryside
What are the Romantic values? Imagination, spontaneity, feeling, wild nature
What made American Romantic literature different from European Romantic literature? different settings and the theme of westward expansion
What was early American Romantic poetry like in comparison to Eurpoean Romantic poetry? unoriginal
What was the time span of the American Romantic movement? 1800-1860
What was the time span of the American Renaissance? 1840-1860
Why was it called the American Renaissance? Poets and writers developed a uniquely American style.
What was the American Romantic hero like? young, innocent, close with nature
What is the setting of "Rip Van WInkle"? The Kaatskill Mountains in New York
What is Rip's one flaw? He's lazy at home but will do work elsewhere for others.
Who/what does Dame Van Winkle blame for Rip's laziness at home? Nicholaus Vedder (his friend)
What is the first clue that something is very wrong when Rip awakens from his slumber? His gun is rusted.
When he wakes up, Rip complains of feeling what? stiff
What is the "unkindest cut of all" to Rip once he returns to the village from his slumber? His "own dog" doesn't recognize him.
How does Rip react to the news of his wife's death? He's relieved.
Who cofirms Rip's story? Peter Vanderdonk
Who did Rip actually encounter prior to his slumber? Henrik Hudson's crew
What major national event does Rip sleep through? The Revolutionary war
Who wrote "Rip Van WInkle" Washington Irving
What pen name was "Rip Van Winkle" written under? Deidrick Knickerbocker
Who wrote "Thanatopsis"? William Cullen Bryant
How old was the person who wrote "Thanatopsis" when he wrote the poem? 15
What does "thanatopsis" mean? Seeing death
What does the speaker in "Thanatopsis" advise us to do when thoughts of "sad images" come to mind? listen to nature's teachings
What is the organic cycle that is discussed in "Thanatopsis"? birth-life-death-rebirth
How is the idea of the organic cycle incorporated into "Thanatopsis"? By including the idea that when we die our remains are absorbed by the earth and can help provide new life
What human fears regarding death are addressed in "Thanatopsis"? dying alone and the fear that no one will care when we die
What is the speaker's final message about approaching death in "Thanatopsis"? Live life to the fullest
Who wrote "The Tide Rises, the Tide Falls" and "A Cross of Snow"? Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
What personal tragedies did Longfellow suffer? The death of two wives.
What is meter? a pattern of stressed and unstressed syllabes in poetry
What is scanning? marking stressed and unstressed syllables in poetry
What is a foot? one stressed syllable and one or more unstressed
What is an iamb? a stressed syllable followed by an unstressed syllable
What is a sonnet? a 14 line poem usually written in iambic pentameter
What is alliteration? the repetition of the same or similar consonant sounds in words that are close together
What is a caesura? a pause in metered lines of poetry
In "The Tide Rises, The Tide Falls," how is the sea portrayed? dark and depressing
In "The Tide Rises, The Tide Falls," to what are the waves compared? a woman's or child's soft white hands
How does the meter of "The Tide Rises, the Tide Falls" reflect the movement of the tide? it rises and falls
What happens to the traveller in "The Tide Rises, the Tide Falls"? He is never seen again.
What is an octave? The first eight lines of poetry in an Italian sonnet.
What is a sestet? The last six lines of poetry in an Italian sonnet.
In "A Cross of Snow," what is the subject of the first 8 lines? Longfellow's memory of his wife who was killed in a fire and his belief that she was saintly and angelic
In "A Cross of Snow," what is the subject of the last 6 lines? The cross the speaker bears upon his breast and a cross of snow on a mountain side.
In "A Cross of Snow," what do the two crosses have in common? They are permanent and will never leave the speaker
What disease seemed to ruin Poe's life? Tuberculosis
What kinds of problems did Poe have? deaths of several loved ones, alcoholism, debt, loneliness
How fast does the red death kill? 30 minutes
Why does Prince Prospero take 1000 friends into seclusion? He thinks he can escape the red death.
What does it look like in the 7th and black chamber? like blood is running down the walls
Why did a lot of people think Prince Prospero was "mad"? His taste in decoration and the fact he was having a party in the midst of a plague
What happens every time the clock strikes the hour? Everyone and everything stops
How kills Prince Prospero? The red death
Who/what does the masked figure turn out to be? the personification of the red death
What did we discuss the seven rooms represent? the seven ages of man
What idea does Prince Prospero's name refer to? The idea that money can be used to cheat death
What does the masquerade symbolize? Prospero's attempt to "mask" or hide from inevitable death
Why is "The Masque of Red Death" considered an allegory? Everything supports the symbolic message that death is inevitable.
What is the rhyme scheme in "The Raven"? ABCBBB
What is the speaker doing at the beginning of "The Raven"? reading
What does the speaker in "The Raven" think of the raven's entrance? It's rude.
When the raven perches on the bust of Pallas Athena it foreshadows what? That the bird will bring a message of wisdom
What are some reasons the speaker thinks the bird keeps saying "nevermore"? it's his name, a former master taught him that word only, Lenore will never be at peace, the bird will never leave him alone
How does the speaker's tone shift throughtout the poem? It goes from being amused to confused to agitated to enraged.
What does Emerson mean when he says, "If the stars should appear on night in a thousand years, how would men believe and adore...,!" Since the stars are always there, people take them for granted and don't appreciate them.
What does Emerson mean when he says, "To speak truly, few adult persons can see nature...the sun illuminates only the eye of the man, but shines in to the eyes and heart of a child"? Because children are so innocent and lack exposure to the world, they are easily dazzled by nature.
What does Emerson mean when he says, "The power which resides in [man] is new in nature, and note but he knows what that is which he can do, nor does he know until he has tried..."? Every person has the potential to do great things, but you don't know until you try
What does Emerson mean when he says, "Trust thyself: Every heart vibrates to that iron string...great mean have always done so..." We all have the ability to trust our instincts, but only great men truly know this.
What does Emerson mean when he says, "To be great is to be misunderstood"? All great people have been misunderstood at some point in time, and that's what makes them great.
What are some of the Transcendental values? self-reliance, individuality, and simplicity
What sub-movements of Romanticism did we study in this unit? Gothicism and Transcendentalism
Both "The Masque of Red Death" and "The Raven" are considered to be _________. Gothic
Created by: tlordemann