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intellectual develo

Intellual development during the first year

TermDefinition
Intellectual Development Intellectual Development: how and what people learn and how they express what they know through language.
Environmental Stimuli Environmental Stimuli: (light, sound, heat, texture) affect the sensory organs that cause a person to react.
Vision Center Vision Center: allows babies to process the sights of their world into information. The vision center is very active in early infancy.
Acuity Acuity-the ability to see clearly in each eye.
Contrast Sensitivity Contrast Sensitivity- the ability to see objects with varying degrees of contrast from their background.
Color Sensitivity Color Sensitivity- the ability to see color
Eye Movements & Coordination Eye Movements & Coordination- the ability to move both eyes perfectly together so a person sees the world as a fused picture. (this is called binocular vision)
3-D Vision 3-D Vision- the ability to see the world in three dimensions
Motor Center Motor Center: during infancy, babies depend on their motor skills as they react to environmental stimuli.
Thinking Center. Thinking Center: requires the ability to interpret sensory information the brain receives. This takes basic sensory information received and processes it into recognizable objects.
Memory Centers Memory Centers: thinking and learning require memory and memory abilities early in life.
Explicit memory Explicit memory- the conscious, intentional recalling of experiences and facts
Implicit Memory Implicit Memory- unconscious awareness of past experiences to perform tasks.
Perceptual Learning Perceptual Learning: process of making sense out of sensory stimuli.
Concept Concept- an idea formed by combining what is known about a person, object, place, quality, or event.
Perceptual Concepts Perceptual Concepts -making sense out of what they hear, see, smell, taste, and touch- and then mentally organizing this information.
Object Constancy Object Constancy- knowing that objects remain the same even if they appear different.
Object Concept Object Concept- understanding that objects, people, and events are separate from one’s interactions with them.
Object Identity Object Identity- knowledge that an object stays the same from one time to the next
Object Permanence Object Permanence- knowledge that people, objects, and places still exist even when they are no longer seen, felt, or heard.
Spatial Concepts (pertaining to space)
Depth Perception Depth Perception- the ability to tell how far away something is.
Number Sense Number Sense- babies can detect changes in quantities (numbers) of items.
Object Solidity Object Solidity- one solid object cannot move through another
Gravity Gravity- objects falling to the floor or ground
Categorization Categorization- grouping similar objects or events into a group
Communicating Communicating: babies are communicating from the time they are born- they start making sounds and others learn to understand their language.
Passive Vocabulary Passive Vocabulary- words people understand, but do not speak or write.
Active Vocabulary Active Vocabulary- includes the words used in speaking and writing
One Month Remembers objects if they reappear in a couple of seconds Cries for assistance Recognizes mothers voice and smell Is alert for more time than at birth
Two Months Follows slow movement of objects with eyes Discriminates among voices, people, taste Cries and coos some “Sees” connections within their own body
Three Months Studies own hands Cries Less Seeks sources of sound by turning head/neck Gurgles and coos
Four Months Remembers objects for 5-7 seconds Likes detail in objects Makes new sounds Vocalizes to Social Stimulation
Five Months Learns new actions to repeat Looks around when in new places Utters a few consonants Babbles one syllable repeatedly
Six Months Inspects objects for a long time Compares two objects Looks at objects upside down to create new perspective Utters more and more consonants
Seven Months Picks out his/her name in a conversation Makes more consonant/vowel combinations Discriminates between familiar/unfamiliar adults Babbles two syllables
Eight Months Imitates somewhat new actions Understands about 36 words Begins to have goals (and actions to achieve) Follows a one-step command if adult also gestures
Nine Months Remembers games played on previous day Understands and uses gestures (waving) Babbles unduplicated syllables Follows a one-step command without adult gesture
Ten Months Tries to fit things together Responds to commands Understands idea of verbal labeling Understands about 67 words
Eleven Months Imitates inflections and speech rhythms Says first words (protowords) Understands more words/labels for things ' May imitate some animal sounds
Enriched Environment Enriched Environment- environment that offers them chances to learn
Sensory Activities (sensory stimulation) Sensory Activities (sensory stimulation)- using the senses to learn about the environment. Ex. Letting them touch different safe objects inside and outside
Motor Activities (coordination) Motor Activities (coordination)- working together of muscles to form movements. Ex. Crawling in and out of boxes
Memory Activities Memory Activities- Ex. Consistent routine, songs, rhymes, baby photo album
Problem-Solving Activities Problem-Solving Activities- Ex. Putting a toy behind the baby, knocking over a tower of blocks, grouping like objects together.
Language Activities Language Activities- Ex. Asking questions, using sing-song voice, pat-a-cake
Created by: BayleeandDuke