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Human anatomy two

QuestionAnswer
Five major functions of the integument Mechanical damage, chemical damage, bacterial damage, ultraviolet radiation, thermal damage, and desiccation
Describe cell type and tissue type that create the epidermis Stratified squamous
How was the epidermis different from the dermis and hypodermis Harden by keratin, avascular and cells are keratinocytes
Which layers create the integument Epidermis, dermis, hypodermis
Why is the subcutaneous layer discussed even though it is not a component of the system It anchors the skin to underlying organs, adipose tissue also a shock absorber
What are the five different layers of epidermis and order from deep to surface Stratum basale, stratum spinosum, Stratum granuiosum, stratum lucidum, stratum corneum
What is the difference between thick and thin skin Thick: 5 layers found palms of hands and soles of feet Thin: 4 layers everywhere else on body
Explain how the melanin is placed in the keratinocytes Melanosomes transferred to the keratinocytes
What are two characteristics and locations of the two layers within the dermis Pipillary: (upper) pain and touch receptors Reticular: (deepest) sweat and oil gland
What are the three pigments that contribute to the creation of skin color Melanin, carotene, and hemoglobin
What are the factors that can alter your skin color Cyanosis(blue, ❤️ failure), erythema (redness, embarrassment), pallor(blanching, emotional stress), jaundice(yellow, liver failure), bruises
 

 



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